Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts

This article aims to relate the characteristics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its influence on liability. The features of this emerging technology make to reconsider liability under traditional rules. To fulfill this purpose, recent reports from study groups were considered, as well as the pub...

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Autor Principal: Hernández Zuluaga, José Carlos
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Departamento de Derecho Comercial 2021
Acceso en línea:https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/emerca/article/view/7246
id ojs-article-7246
recordtype ojs
spelling ojs-article-72462021-10-07T06:23:37Z Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts Can machines think? Inteligencia Artificial y Derecho de Daños Hernández Zuluaga, José Carlos Artificial Intelligence; Strict Liability; New Technologies and Liability; Civil Law; Commercial Law; Producer´s Liability; Defective Products; Fault Liability. Inteligencia Artificial; Daños; Responsabilidad Civil y Nuevas Tecnologías; Responsabilidad objetiva; Productos defectuosos; Derecho civil; Derecho patrimonial; Derecho mercantil This article aims to relate the characteristics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its influence on liability. The features of this emerging technology make to reconsider liability under traditional rules. To fulfill this purpose, recent reports from study groups were considered, as well as the publications of authors who worldwide are dedicated to the study of the influence of new technologies on the law of liability. For bib­liographic tracking and document management, databases, indexed journals and websites dedicated to the study topic were consulted. At the end of the article, it could be established that AI has a great in­fluence on the allocation of liability based on the difficulty of defining the cause of the damage, the complex digital ecosystem in which it operates, the autonomy and unpredictability delivered from its algorithmic nature. It was established that in order to compensate the victim, it is necessary to consider adaptations and amendments to the burden of proof, impose strict liability disregarding traditional requirements such as the source of the risk. Besides, reinforcing the range of duties of care including the acquisition and operation of AI, among other findings. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo relacionar las características de la Inteligencia Artificial (IA) y reconocer su influencia en el derecho de daños. Se determinó que esta tecnología emergente dificulta la configuración de los elementos de la responsabilidad bajo las reglas tradicionales por sus rasgos disruptivos. Para cumplir este propósito se tuvieron en cuenta recientes reportes de los principales grupos de estudio y autores que a nivel mundial se dedican al estudio de la influencia de las nuevas tecnologías en el derecho de la respon­sabilidad. Para el rastreo bibliográfico y el manejo documental se consultaron bases de datos, revistas indexadas y sitios web dedicados al tema de estudio. Al concluir el escrito se pudo establecer que la IA ejerce gran influjo en la atribución de la responsabilidad a partir de la dificultad de definir el cau­sante del daño, el complejo ecosistema digital en que actúa, la autonomía e imprevisibilidad derivada de su naturaleza algorítmica. Se estableció que para compensar la víctima es necesario modular las exigencias probatorias, imponer responsabilidad objetiva prescindiendo de exigencias tradicionales como la determinación de la fuente del riesgo y re­forzar deberes en la comercialización y adquisición de IA. Departamento de Derecho Comercial 2021-06-11 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion application/pdf text/html https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/emerca/article/view/7246 Revista e-mercatoria; Vol. 19 No. 1 (2020); 3-36 Revista e-mercatoria; Vol. 19 Núm. 1 (2020); 3-36 1692-3960 spa https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/emerca/article/view/7246/9959 https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/emerca/article/view/7246/10123 Derechos de autor 2021 José Carlos Hernández Zuluaga
institution Universidad Externado de Colombia
collection OJS
language Español (Spanish)
format Artículo (Article)
author Hernández Zuluaga, José Carlos
spellingShingle Hernández Zuluaga, José Carlos
Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts
author_facet Hernández Zuluaga, José Carlos
author_sort Hernández Zuluaga, José Carlos
title Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts
title_short Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts
title_full Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts
title_fullStr Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts
title_full_unstemmed Can machines think? Artificial Intelligence and torts
title_sort can machines think? artificial intelligence and torts
description This article aims to relate the characteristics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its influence on liability. The features of this emerging technology make to reconsider liability under traditional rules. To fulfill this purpose, recent reports from study groups were considered, as well as the publications of authors who worldwide are dedicated to the study of the influence of new technologies on the law of liability. For bib­liographic tracking and document management, databases, indexed journals and websites dedicated to the study topic were consulted. At the end of the article, it could be established that AI has a great in­fluence on the allocation of liability based on the difficulty of defining the cause of the damage, the complex digital ecosystem in which it operates, the autonomy and unpredictability delivered from its algorithmic nature. It was established that in order to compensate the victim, it is necessary to consider adaptations and amendments to the burden of proof, impose strict liability disregarding traditional requirements such as the source of the risk. Besides, reinforcing the range of duties of care including the acquisition and operation of AI, among other findings.
publisher Departamento de Derecho Comercial
publishDate 2021
url https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/emerca/article/view/7246
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score 11,887996