Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon

In the Colombian Amazon, cacao tree (Theobroma cacao L.) plantations have low yield due to soil acidity which limits the efficient use of nutrients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liming and fertilization in an acid soil (Typic Udorthents) of the Colombian Amazon on t...

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Autores Principales: Rosas-Patiño, Gelber, Puentes-Páramo, Yina Jazbleidi, Menjivar-Flores, Juan Carlos
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Inglés (English)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2019
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35281
id ir-20.500.12324-35281
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
Inglés (English)
description In the Colombian Amazon, cacao tree (Theobroma cacao L.) plantations have low yield due to soil acidity which limits the efficient use of nutrients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liming and fertilization in an acid soil (Typic Udorthents) of the Colombian Amazon on the efficient use of nutrients in terms of nutrient use efficiency (nue) and fertilizer recovery efficiency (fre) for N, P and K, in four universal clones of fine cocoa flavor and bouquet. A completely randomized block design was used using a factorial arrangement, being factor A, four clones (a1: ICS-1, a2: CCN-51, a3: ICS-39, and a4: TSH-565) and factor B, four fertility levels (b1: absolute control, b2: soil 90 days after liming (dal), b3: absolute control plus N-P-K until reaching the requirements of the crop, and b4: b2 plus N-P-K until reaching the requirements of the crop). Results show that liming and fertilization affect nue and yield, meanwhile, the lowest yield was found in b1 for all the clones, suggesting that the natural soil fertility is not sufficient for cacao tree development. Clone CCN-51 was more efficient in the use of nutrients than the other clones, in this sense, the four clones responded differentially according to nue and fre, evidencing the influence of the genotype, the edaphoclimatic conditions of the area, as well as specific of pH and nutrient preferences for each clone.
format Artículo (Article)
author Rosas-Patiño, Gelber
Puentes-Páramo, Yina Jazbleidi
Menjivar-Flores, Juan Carlos
spellingShingle Rosas-Patiño, Gelber
Puentes-Páramo, Yina Jazbleidi
Menjivar-Flores, Juan Carlos
Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon
author_facet Rosas-Patiño, Gelber
Puentes-Páramo, Yina Jazbleidi
Menjivar-Flores, Juan Carlos
author_sort Rosas-Patiño, Gelber
title Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon
title_short Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon
title_full Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon
title_fullStr Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon
title_full_unstemmed Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon
title_sort liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (theobroma cacao l.) in the colombian amazon
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2019
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35281
_version_ 1672081162210639872
spelling ir-20.500.12324-352812020-07-08T21:28:24Z Liming effect on macronutrient intake for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Colombian Amazon Efecto del encalado en el uso eficiente de macronutrientes para cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) en la Amazonia colombiana Rosas-Patiño, Gelber Puentes-Páramo, Yina Jazbleidi Menjivar-Flores, Juan Carlos In the Colombian Amazon, cacao tree (Theobroma cacao L.) plantations have low yield due to soil acidity which limits the efficient use of nutrients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of liming and fertilization in an acid soil (Typic Udorthents) of the Colombian Amazon on the efficient use of nutrients in terms of nutrient use efficiency (nue) and fertilizer recovery efficiency (fre) for N, P and K, in four universal clones of fine cocoa flavor and bouquet. A completely randomized block design was used using a factorial arrangement, being factor A, four clones (a1: ICS-1, a2: CCN-51, a3: ICS-39, and a4: TSH-565) and factor B, four fertility levels (b1: absolute control, b2: soil 90 days after liming (dal), b3: absolute control plus N-P-K until reaching the requirements of the crop, and b4: b2 plus N-P-K until reaching the requirements of the crop). Results show that liming and fertilization affect nue and yield, meanwhile, the lowest yield was found in b1 for all the clones, suggesting that the natural soil fertility is not sufficient for cacao tree development. Clone CCN-51 was more efficient in the use of nutrients than the other clones, in this sense, the four clones responded differentially according to nue and fre, evidencing the influence of the genotype, the edaphoclimatic conditions of the area, as well as specific of pH and nutrient preferences for each clone. En la Amazonia colombiana, el cultivo de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) presenta bajo rendimiento debido a que la alta acidez del suelo limita el uso eficiente de nutrientes. Por lo tanto, esta investigación evalúa el efecto del encalamiento y la fertilización en un suelo ácido (Typic Udorthents) de la Amazonia colombiana sobre el uso eficiente de nutrientes (uen), en términos de la eficiencia agronómica (ea) y la eficiencia de recuperación del fertilizante (erf) para nitrógeno (N), fósforo (P) y potasio (K), y cuatro clones universales de cacao fino de sabor y aroma. Se utilizó un diseño en bloques completos al azar con arreglo factorial, siendo el factor A cuatro clones (a1: ICS-1, a2: CCN-51, a3: ICS-39, y a4: TSH-565) y el factor B cuatro niveles de fertilidad (b1: control absoluto; b2: suelo 90 días después de encalado (dde); b3: control absoluto más N - P - K, hasta alcanzar los requerimientos del cultivo; b4: b2 más N - P - K, hasta alcanzar los requerimientos del cultivo). Los resultados muestran que el encalado y la fertilización afectaron el uen y el rendimiento; mientras tanto, el más bajo rendimiento se presentó en b1 para todos los clones, sugiriendo que la fertilidad del suelo natural no es suficiente para el desarrollo del cultivo de cacao; además, el clon CCN-51 mostró mayor habilidad en el uso de nutrientes que los restantes clones. En este sentido, los cuatro clones respondieron de forma diferencial de acuerdo con la ea y la erf, evidenciando la influencia del genotipo y de las condiciones edafoclimáticas de la zona, así como las preferencias específicas de pH y nutrientes para cada clon. 2019 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/1247 10.21930/rcta.vol20_num1_art:1247 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35281 reponame:Biblioteca Digital Agropecuaria de Colombia repourl:https://repository.agrosavia.co instname:Corporación colombiana de investigación agropecuaria AGROSAVIA spa eng http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/1247/558 http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/1247/559 application/pdf application/pdf Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 20 No 1 (2019): Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria, Enero-Abril Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 20 Núm. 1 (2019): Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria, Enero-Abril revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 20 n. 1 (2019): Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria, Enero-Abril 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol20-num1
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