Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)

Climate change is caused by the increase of concen-trations of greenhouse gases (ghg), especially CO2, caused by the proliferation of fossil fuels use. Forest systems can capture carbon in biomass and mitigate the climate change problem. The aim of this research was to estimate the emission of ghg f...

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Autores Principales: Andrade-Castañeda, Hernán Jair, Arteaga-Céspedes, Cristhian Camilo, Segura-Madrigal, Milena Andrea
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2019
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35236
id ir-20.500.12324-35236
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
description Climate change is caused by the increase of concen-trations of greenhouse gases (ghg), especially CO2, caused by the proliferation of fossil fuels use. Forest systems can capture carbon in biomass and mitigate the climate change problem. The aim of this research was to estimate the emission of ghg from the sale of fossil fuels in the city of Ibague and propose options of mitigation with productive systems in Tolima. Throughout a review, the total number of service stations in the city urban area was determined. Carrying on interviews to employers that attend public, the sales of fossil fuels (gasoline, diesel and natural gas vehicle-ngv), were determined and based on the total number of stations and emission factors, it was estimated the total emission from each fuel in the city. Some mitigation options, such as coffee, cocoa and teak plantations have been proposed. It was estimated an emission of 368 Gg CO2/year (1 Gg = 10⁹ g) from sales of fuels, equivalent to 718 kg CO2/person/year. These ghgemissions should be mitigated with reduction in the use of fossil fuels or throughout establishment of agricultural and forestry production systems which allows fixating CO2.
format Artículo (Article)
author Andrade-Castañeda, Hernán Jair
Arteaga-Céspedes, Cristhian Camilo
Segura-Madrigal, Milena Andrea
spellingShingle Andrade-Castañeda, Hernán Jair
Arteaga-Céspedes, Cristhian Camilo
Segura-Madrigal, Milena Andrea
Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)
author_facet Andrade-Castañeda, Hernán Jair
Arteaga-Céspedes, Cristhian Camilo
Segura-Madrigal, Milena Andrea
author_sort Andrade-Castañeda, Hernán Jair
title Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)
title_short Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)
title_full Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)
title_fullStr Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)
title_full_unstemmed Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia)
title_sort emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in ibague, tolima (colombia)
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2019
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35236
_version_ 1672080636958998528
spelling ir-20.500.12324-352362020-07-08T21:28:03Z Emission of greenhouse gases from the use of fossil fuels in Ibague, Tolima (Colombia) Emisión de gases de efecto invernadero por uso de combustibles fósiles en Ibagué, Tolima (Colombia) Emissão de gases de efeito estufa por uso de combustíveis fósseis em Ibagué, Tolima (Colômbia) Andrade-Castañeda, Hernán Jair Arteaga-Céspedes, Cristhian Camilo Segura-Madrigal, Milena Andrea Climate change is caused by the increase of concen-trations of greenhouse gases (ghg), especially CO2, caused by the proliferation of fossil fuels use. Forest systems can capture carbon in biomass and mitigate the climate change problem. The aim of this research was to estimate the emission of ghg from the sale of fossil fuels in the city of Ibague and propose options of mitigation with productive systems in Tolima. Throughout a review, the total number of service stations in the city urban area was determined. Carrying on interviews to employers that attend public, the sales of fossil fuels (gasoline, diesel and natural gas vehicle-ngv), were determined and based on the total number of stations and emission factors, it was estimated the total emission from each fuel in the city. Some mitigation options, such as coffee, cocoa and teak plantations have been proposed. It was estimated an emission of 368 Gg CO2/year (1 Gg = 10⁹ g) from sales of fuels, equivalent to 718 kg CO2/person/year. These ghgemissions should be mitigated with reduction in the use of fossil fuels or throughout establishment of agricultural and forestry production systems which allows fixating CO2. El cambio climático es causado por el aumento de las concentraciones de los gases de efecto invernadero (gei), especialmente, por el CO2. Estas concentraciones son provocadas por la proliferación del uso de combustibles fósiles. Los sistemas forestales pueden absorber carbono en la biomasa y mitigar el problema del cambio climático. El objetivo del estudio fue estimar la emisión de gei de acuerdo con la venta de combustibles fósiles en Ibagué y plantear opciones de mitigación con sistemas de producción en el Tolima. Mediante revisión de literatura, se determinó el número de estaciones de servicio en el casco urbano de Ibagué. A través de encuestas a empleados que atienden al público, se estimó la venta de cada combustible estudiado (gasolina, diésel y gas natural vehicular-gnv) y, con base en la totalidad de estaciones y en los factores de emisión, se calculó la emisión total de gei para cada uno de estos combustibles en la ciudad. Se plantearon opciones de mitigación como cafetales, cacaotales o plantaciones de teca. Se estimó una emisión de 368 Gg CO2e/año (1 Gg = 10⁹ g) por ventas de combustibles fósiles equivalente a 718 kg CO2e/persona/año. Estas emisiones deberían ser mitigadas con reducciones en el uso de combustibles fósiles o mediante el establecimiento de sistemas de producción que fijen el CO2. A mudança climática é causada pelo aumento das concentrações dos gases de efeito estufa (gei), especialmente, pelo CO2 produzido pela prolife-ração do uso de combustíveis fósseis. Os sistemas forestais podem absorver carbono na biomassa e mitigar o problema da mudança climática. O objetivo do estudo foi estimar a emissão de geide acordo com a venda de combustíveis fósseis em Ibagué e plantear opções de mitigação com sistemas de produção no Tolima. Mediante revisão de literatura, determinou-se o número de postos de gasolina no perímetro urbano de Ibagué. Através de enquetes a empregados que atendem ao público, estimou-se a venda de cada combustível estudado (gasolina, diésel e gás natural vehicular-gnv) e, com base na totalidade de estações e nos fatores de emissão, calculou-se a emissão total de gei para cada um destes combustíveis na cidade. Identificaram-se opções de mitigação como cafezais, culturas de cacau ou plantações de teca. Estimou-se uma emissão de 368 Gg CO2e/ano (1 Gg = 10⁹ g ) por vendas de combustíveis fósseis equivalente a 718 kg CO2e/pessoa/ano. Estas emisões deveriam ser mitigadas com reduções no uso de combustíveis fósseis ou mediante o estabelecimento de sistemas de produção que fixem o CO2. 2019-08-09T19:30:14Z 2019-08-09T19:30:14Z 2016 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/561 10.21930/rcta.vol18_num1_art:561 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35236 reponame:Biblioteca Digital Agropecuaria de Colombia repourl:https://repository.agrosavia.co instname:Corporación colombiana de investigación agropecuaria AGROSAVIA spa http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/561/438 application/pdf Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 18 No 1 (2017); 103-112 Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 18 Núm. 1 (2017); 103-112 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 18 n. 1 (2017); 103-112 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol18-num1
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