Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices

Family farming is responsible for most food production in Latin America. However, it is important to note that developed innovations to improve maize, Zea mays L. (Poaceae) productivity are not entirely implemented by small producers. In order to assess the social, economic, and environ-mental attri...

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Autores Principales: Garrido-Rubiano, María Fernanda, Martínez-Medrano, Juan Carlos, Martínez-Bautista, Humberto, Granados-Carvajal, Rafael Evelio, Rendón-Medel, Roberto
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2019
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35231
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recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
description Family farming is responsible for most food production in Latin America. However, it is important to note that developed innovations to improve maize, Zea mays L. (Poaceae) productivity are not entirely implemented by small producers. In order to assess the social, economic, and environ-mental attributes of small-sacale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region, a structured survey was conducted on 227 farmers in the depart-ments of Atlantico and Magdalena, which were selected through a stratified sampling method with proportional allocation. The resulting information was subjected to evaluation with Zero-truncated Poisson regression using the statistical software stata®. The results indicated that in the depart-ment of Atlantico, age, education, diffusion index, land ownership, use of machinery and institutional support are statistically significant (p<0.10) and in the department of Magdalena, diffusion index, education, land ownership, associativity, institu-tional support, and water regime are statistically significant (p<0.10) regarding the use of agri-cultural practices. It is concluded that innovation results from a complex process influenced by internal (the innovator himself ) and external (cultural and institutional) factors.
format Artículo (Article)
author Garrido-Rubiano, María Fernanda
Martínez-Medrano, Juan Carlos
Martínez-Bautista, Humberto
Granados-Carvajal, Rafael Evelio
Rendón-Medel, Roberto
spellingShingle Garrido-Rubiano, María Fernanda
Martínez-Medrano, Juan Carlos
Martínez-Bautista, Humberto
Granados-Carvajal, Rafael Evelio
Rendón-Medel, Roberto
Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
author_facet Garrido-Rubiano, María Fernanda
Martínez-Medrano, Juan Carlos
Martínez-Bautista, Humberto
Granados-Carvajal, Rafael Evelio
Rendón-Medel, Roberto
author_sort Garrido-Rubiano, María Fernanda
title Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
title_short Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
title_full Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
title_fullStr Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
title_full_unstemmed Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
title_sort small-scale maize farmers in the colombian caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2019
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35231
_version_ 1672080955834105856
spelling ir-20.500.12324-352312020-07-08T21:28:01Z Small-scale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region:a study of their attributes and agricultural practices Pequeños productores de maíz en el Caribe colombiano: estudio de sus atributos y prácticas agrícolas Pequenos produtores de milho no Caribe colombiano: estudo dos seus atributos e práticas agrícolas Garrido-Rubiano, María Fernanda Martínez-Medrano, Juan Carlos Martínez-Bautista, Humberto Granados-Carvajal, Rafael Evelio Rendón-Medel, Roberto Family farming is responsible for most food production in Latin America. However, it is important to note that developed innovations to improve maize, Zea mays L. (Poaceae) productivity are not entirely implemented by small producers. In order to assess the social, economic, and environ-mental attributes of small-sacale maize farmers in the Colombian Caribbean region, a structured survey was conducted on 227 farmers in the depart-ments of Atlantico and Magdalena, which were selected through a stratified sampling method with proportional allocation. The resulting information was subjected to evaluation with Zero-truncated Poisson regression using the statistical software stata®. The results indicated that in the depart-ment of Atlantico, age, education, diffusion index, land ownership, use of machinery and institutional support are statistically significant (p<0.10) and in the department of Magdalena, diffusion index, education, land ownership, associativity, institu-tional support, and water regime are statistically significant (p<0.10) regarding the use of agri-cultural practices. It is concluded that innovation results from a complex process influenced by internal (the innovator himself ) and external (cultural and institutional) factors. La agricultura familiar es la responsable de la mayor parte de la producción de los alimentos en América Latina. Sin embargo, es evidente que las innovaciones tecnológicas desarrolladas para mejorar la productividad del cultivo de maíz Zea mays L. (Poaceae) no son del todo utilizadas por los pequeños productores. Con el objetivo de evaluar los atributos sociales, económicos y ambientales de los pequeños productores de maíz en el Caribe colombiano, se aplicó una encuesta estructurada a 227 productores de los departamentos de Atlántico y Magdalena, que fueron seleccionados mediante un esquema de muestreo estratificado. La información resultante fue estudiada con un modelo de regresión Poissontruncado en cero mediante el paquete estadístico stata®. Estos resultados permitieron inferir que para el departamento del Atlántico, los indicadores de edad, educación, índice de iniciativa, tenencia de la tierra, uso de maquinaria y apoyo institucional presentaron significancia estadística (p<0,10); mientras que, para el departamento del Magdalena, los indicadores de índice de iniciativa, educación, tenencia de la tierra, capacidad de asociación, apoyo institucional y régimen hídrico presentaron significación estadística (p<0,10), en relación con el número de prácticas empleadas. Se concluye que la innovación resulta de un proceso complejo en el que influyen factores internos (del propio innovador) y externos (del contexto cultural e institucional). A agricultura familiar é a responsável da maior parte da produção dos alimentos na América Latina. Embora, é evidente que as inovações tecnológicas desenvolvidas para melhorar a produtividade da cultura de milho Zea mays L. (Poaceae) não são totalmente utilizadas pelos pequenos produtores. Com o objetivo de avaliar os atributos sociais, econômicos e ambientais dos pequenos produ-tores de milho no Caribe colombiano, aplicou-se uma enquete estruturada a 227 produtores dos departamentos de Atlântico e Magdalena, que foram selecionados mediante um esquema de amostragem estratificada. A informação resultante foi estudada com um modelo de regressão Poisson truncado em zero mediante o pacote estatístico stata®. Estes resultados permitiram inferir que para o departamento do Atlântico, os indicadores de idade, educação, índice de iniciativa, tenência da terra, uso de máquinas e apoio institucional apresentaram significância estatística (p<0,10); enquanto que, para o departamento do Magdalena, os indicadores de índice de iniciativa, educação, tenência da terra, capacidade de associação, apoio institucional e régime hídrico apresentaram significação estatística (p<0,10), em relação com o número de práticas empregadas. Conclui-se que a inovação resulta de um processo complexo no que influem fatores internos (do próprio inovador) e externos (do contexto cultural e institucional). 2019-08-09T19:30:13Z 2019-08-09T19:30:13Z 2016 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/556 10.21930/rcta.vol18_num1_art:556 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35231 reponame:Biblioteca Digital Agropecuaria de Colombia repourl:https://repository.agrosavia.co instname:Corporación colombiana de investigación agropecuaria AGROSAVIA spa http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/556/458 application/pdf Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 18 No 1 (2017); 7-23 Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 18 Núm. 1 (2017); 7-23 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 18 n. 1 (2017); 7-23 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol18-num1
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