Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia

The knowledge of the growth in tree nursery of perennial plant species is important in order to develop good agronomical practices for the selection of the plants that will be taken to the fields. This information is required for the hybrids OxG of oil palms under the conditions of the palm growing...

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Autores Principales: Ibarra Ruales, Lizardo Norbey, Reyes Cuesta, Rafael
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2016
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35165
id ir-20.500.12324-35165
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
description The knowledge of the growth in tree nursery of perennial plant species is important in order to develop good agronomical practices for the selection of the plants that will be taken to the fields. This information is required for the hybrids OxG of oil palms under the conditions of the palm growing Colombian region. In two soils with different moisture retention and air space, the growth and development in nursery of hybrid oil palms OxG F1 (Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensis) and Tenera DxP (Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis) were evaluated. Plants of OxG material were larger and accumulated more biomass in most of its constituent bodies in comparison with plants of DxP material. Likewise, both plants were quite different in the order of preference distribution and accumulation of assimilated species at the petiole basis, stem and petiole. In comparison with DxP, the OxG material showed the differential characteristic to allocate more of their assimilated species growth the plant root system. Moreover, it was determined that OxG plants exhibit better growth and development compared with DxP plants in nursery stage with high moisture retention and low aeration soils. Additionally, we identified and selected three morphological features with discriminatory authority to differentiate the growth behavior of the two types of oil palms regarding the soil used in the nursery: section area of the petiole (PxS), rachis length (RL) and leaf emission (LE).
format Artículo (Article)
author Ibarra Ruales, Lizardo Norbey
Reyes Cuesta, Rafael
spellingShingle Ibarra Ruales, Lizardo Norbey
Reyes Cuesta, Rafael
Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia
author_facet Ibarra Ruales, Lizardo Norbey
Reyes Cuesta, Rafael
author_sort Ibarra Ruales, Lizardo Norbey
title Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia
title_short Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia
title_full Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia
title_fullStr Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia
title_sort growth in tree nursery of oil palms elaeis oleifera x elaeis guineensisand elaeis guineensis x elaeis guineensis in tumaco, colombia
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2016
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35165
_version_ 1642273879678255104
spelling ir-20.500.12324-351652019-08-09T19:30:06Z Growth in Tree Nursery of Oil Palms Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensisand Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis in Tumaco, Colombia Crecimiento en vivero de las palmas aceiteras Elaeis oleífera x Elaeis guineensis y Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis en Tumaco Colombia Ibarra Ruales, Lizardo Norbey Reyes Cuesta, Rafael The knowledge of the growth in tree nursery of perennial plant species is important in order to develop good agronomical practices for the selection of the plants that will be taken to the fields. This information is required for the hybrids OxG of oil palms under the conditions of the palm growing Colombian region. In two soils with different moisture retention and air space, the growth and development in nursery of hybrid oil palms OxG F1 (Elaeis oleifera x Elaeis guineensis) and Tenera DxP (Elaeis guineensis x Elaeis guineensis) were evaluated. Plants of OxG material were larger and accumulated more biomass in most of its constituent bodies in comparison with plants of DxP material. Likewise, both plants were quite different in the order of preference distribution and accumulation of assimilated species at the petiole basis, stem and petiole. In comparison with DxP, the OxG material showed the differential characteristic to allocate more of their assimilated species growth the plant root system. Moreover, it was determined that OxG plants exhibit better growth and development compared with DxP plants in nursery stage with high moisture retention and low aeration soils. Additionally, we identified and selected three morphological features with discriminatory authority to differentiate the growth behavior of the two types of oil palms regarding the soil used in the nursery: section area of the petiole (PxS), rachis length (RL) and leaf emission (LE). El conocimiento del crecimiento en vivero de una especie vegetal perenne es básico para desarrollar prácticas de manejo agronómico y la selección de las plantas que se llevarán a campo. Esta información es requerida para los híbridos tipo OxG de palmas aceiteras, en condiciones de las regiones donde se están cultivando en Colombia. El crecimiento en vivero de las palmas aceiteras híbrido OxG F1 (Elaeis oleífera x Elaeis guineensis) y Ténera DxP (Elaeis  guineensis x Elaeis guineensis) se evaluó en dos suelos con diferente retención de humedad y espacio aéreo. Las plantas del material OxG presentaron mayor acumulación de biomasa en la mayoría de sus órganos constituyentes, que las plantas del material DxP. Asimismo, presentaron diferencias en el orden de preferencia de distribución y acumulación de asimilados, en sus órganos base peciolar, tallo y peciolo. El material OxG mostró la característica diferencial respecto al DxP de poder destinar mayor proporción de sus asimilados para formar sistema radical en la planta. Por otra parte, se determinó que, para la etapa de vivero, en condiciones de suelos con alta retención de humedad y baja aereación, las plantas del material OxG presentan mejor crecimiento y desarrollo que las plantas del material DxP. Adicionalmente, se identificaron y seleccionaron tres características morfológicas con capacidad discriminante, para diferenciar el comportamiento del crecimiento de los dos tipos de palmas aceiteras respecto al suelo empleado en el vivero: área sección del peciolo (PxS), largo del raquis (LR) y emisión foliar (EF). 2016-01-21 2019-08-09T19:30:06Z 2019-08-09T19:30:06Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/370 10.21930/rcta.vol16_num2_art:370 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35165 spa http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/370/339 application/pdf Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 16 No 2 (2015); 239-250 Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 16 Núm. 2 (2015); 239-250 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 16 n. 2 (2015); 239-250 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol16-num2
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