Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia

The sugarcane crop in the geographical area called Hoya del Rio Suarez, in the departments of Boyacá and Santander (Colombia), covers about 45,000 hectares; the variety 75-11 RD is established in 70% of the cultivated area and its average growing period is 17 months. This represents a high phytosani...

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Autores Principales: Ramírez Durán, Julio, Insuasty Burbano, Orlando, Viveros Valens, Carlos Arturo
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2019
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35154
id ir-20.500.12324-35154
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
description The sugarcane crop in the geographical area called Hoya del Rio Suarez, in the departments of Boyacá and Santander (Colombia), covers about 45,000 hectares; the variety 75-11 RD is established in 70% of the cultivated area and its average growing period is 17 months. This represents a high phytosanitary risk and disadvantages versus other sugarcane producing regions with lower growth cycles. Varieties of sugarcane obtained by Cenicaña represent alternatives for the competitiveness and productivity for the Colombian sugarcane industry. Between 2007 and 2012, Corpoica and Cenicaña conducted an agro-industrial research to evaluate 78 materials in southern Santander, identifying ten promising varieties by its agro-industrial potential in tons of cane per hectare and tons of panela (unrefined whole cane sugar) per hectare. This study evaluated the agronomical characteristics of ten varieties of sugarcane under the conditions of the foothills in an area in Güepsa, Santander, and also with a commercial grinding test with a Cimpa type mill. The varieties CC 91-1555, CC 92-2198,CC 93-7510 and CC 93-7711 exceeded in 40.3, 24.2, 20.2 and 18 tons of cane per hectare and 3.2, 4.2, 2.2 and 2.5 tons of “panela” per hectare respectively, yields achieved by the variety RD 75-11 employed as a regional control in the same unit of time, which were 126.2 tons of cane per hectare and 12.1 tons of panela per hectare. The final product of the four varieties above mentioned showed optimal physicochemical characteristics of pH, soluble solids concentration, saccharose and reducing sugars,according to existing normativity.
format Artículo (Article)
author Ramírez Durán, Julio
Insuasty Burbano, Orlando
Viveros Valens, Carlos Arturo
spellingShingle Ramírez Durán, Julio
Insuasty Burbano, Orlando
Viveros Valens, Carlos Arturo
Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia
author_facet Ramírez Durán, Julio
Insuasty Burbano, Orlando
Viveros Valens, Carlos Arturo
author_sort Ramírez Durán, Julio
title Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia
title_short Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia
title_full Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia
title_fullStr Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia
title_sort agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in santander, colombia
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2019
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35154
_version_ 1672080696067227648
spelling ir-20.500.12324-351542020-07-08T21:27:22Z Agro industrial yield of ten sugar cane varieties for production of panela in Santander, Colombia Comportamiento agroindustrial de diez variedades de caña de azúcar para producción de panela en Santander, Colombia Ramírez Durán, Julio Insuasty Burbano, Orlando Viveros Valens, Carlos Arturo The sugarcane crop in the geographical area called Hoya del Rio Suarez, in the departments of Boyacá and Santander (Colombia), covers about 45,000 hectares; the variety 75-11 RD is established in 70% of the cultivated area and its average growing period is 17 months. This represents a high phytosanitary risk and disadvantages versus other sugarcane producing regions with lower growth cycles. Varieties of sugarcane obtained by Cenicaña represent alternatives for the competitiveness and productivity for the Colombian sugarcane industry. Between 2007 and 2012, Corpoica and Cenicaña conducted an agro-industrial research to evaluate 78 materials in southern Santander, identifying ten promising varieties by its agro-industrial potential in tons of cane per hectare and tons of panela (unrefined whole cane sugar) per hectare. This study evaluated the agronomical characteristics of ten varieties of sugarcane under the conditions of the foothills in an area in Güepsa, Santander, and also with a commercial grinding test with a Cimpa type mill. The varieties CC 91-1555, CC 92-2198,CC 93-7510 and CC 93-7711 exceeded in 40.3, 24.2, 20.2 and 18 tons of cane per hectare and 3.2, 4.2, 2.2 and 2.5 tons of “panela” per hectare respectively, yields achieved by the variety RD 75-11 employed as a regional control in the same unit of time, which were 126.2 tons of cane per hectare and 12.1 tons of panela per hectare. The final product of the four varieties above mentioned showed optimal physicochemical characteristics of pH, soluble solids concentration, saccharose and reducing sugars,according to existing normativity. El cultivo de caña de azúcar en la zona geográfica denominada Hoya del Río Suárez, en los departamentos de Boyacá y Santander, en Colombia, abarca aproximadamente 45.000 hectáreas; la variedad RD 75-11 se encuentra establecida en 70% del área cultivada y su período vegetativo promedio es 17 meses. Lo anterior representa un alto riesgo fitosanitario y desventajas frente a regiones productoras con ciclo vegetativo inferior. Las variedades de caña de azúcar obtenidas por Cenicaña representan alternativas de competitividad y productividad para el sector panelero de Colombia. Entre 2007 y 2012, Corpoica y Cenicaña evaluaron agroindustrialmente 78 materiales en el sur de Santander, e identificaron diez variedades promisorias por su potencial agroindustrial en toneladas de caña por hectárea y toneladas de panela por hectárea. La presente investigación evaluó agronómicamente diez variedades en condiciones de piedemonte en una localidad de Güepsa, Santander, y en prueba comercial de molienda en trapiche tipo Cimpa. Las variedades CC 91-1555, CC 92-2198, CC 93-7510 y CC 93-7711 superaron en 40,3, 24,2, 20,2 y 18 toneladas de caña por hectárea y 3,2, 4,2, 2,2 y 2,5 toneladas de panela por hectárea, respectivamente, los rendimientos alcanzados por la variedad RD 75-11 empleada como testigo regional en la misma unidad de tiempo, que fueron de 126,2 toneladas de caña por hectárea y 12,1 toneladas de panela por hectárea. Las cuatro variedades mencionadas presentaron óptimas características fisicoquímicas de pH, concentración de sólidos solubles, sacarosa y azúcares reductores en producto final, según normatividad existente. 2019-08-09T19:30:01Z 2019-08-09T19:30:01Z 2014 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/358 10.21930/rcta.vol15_num2_art:358 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35154 reponame:Biblioteca Digital Agropecuaria de Colombia repourl:https://repository.agrosavia.co instname:Corporación colombiana de investigación agropecuaria AGROSAVIA spa http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/358/348 http://revistacta.agrosavia.co/index.php/revista/article/view/358/461 application/pdf application/pdf Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 15 No 2 (2014); 183-195 Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 15 Núm. 2 (2014); 183-195 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 15 n. 2 (2014); 183-195 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol15-num2
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