Influence of cover crops on citrus crops on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi development in the Colombian piedmont Oxisols

Native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with grass and legume cover crops established on Oxisol soils in the Colombian piedmont (Meta) were identified morphologically and the ability to colonize was evaluated. The experimental area consisted of cover crops Arachis pintoi (CIAT 18744), Brachia...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autores Principales: Monroy L., Hernán Javier, Salamanca S., Carmen Rosa, Cano, César, Moreno-Conn, Lina Margarita, Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2019
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/35147
Descripción
Sumario:Native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with grass and legume cover crops established on Oxisol soils in the Colombian piedmont (Meta) were identified morphologically and the ability to colonize was evaluated. The experimental area consisted of cover crops Arachis pintoi (CIAT 18744), Brachiaria brizantha cv. Toledo, B. dictyoneura cv. Llanero, Desmodium ovalifolium cv. Maquenque, Panicum maximum (CIAT 36000), Paspalum notatum, and a chemical control (Glyphosate and mechanical control) established in the rows in a Valencia orange grove. The experiment followed a complete randomized block design (8 cover crops) and three replications, evaluated during the wet and dry seasons. Rhizosphere soil and grass and legumes roots were sampled in order to identified AMF and quantify the number of spores and the percentage of colonization. A total of 26 species were identified, including Acaulospora scrobiculata, A. morrowiae and, Scutellospora heterogama, which accounted for over 65% of the population. The percentage of root colonization ranged between 47% and 94% with spore counts between 63 and 300/100 g of dry soil. Cover crops with the highest colonization percentage and AMF diversity were B. brizantha, B. dictyoneura and P. notatum in their respective order. Glyphosate and mechanical control had a negative influence on the sporulation and colonization of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the root system.