Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley

Increases in temperature and relative humidity together with the solar radiation effect are detrimental to animal welfare, affecting their behavior when it comes to feeding and digestive behavior, which affects their productivity. Therefore, the goal of this research was to analyze the link between...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autores Principales: Suárez P., Emiro, Reza G., Sony, Díaz A., Eliecer, García C., Fredy, Pastrana V., Iván, Cuadrado C., Hugo, Espinosa C., Manuel
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2018
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33913
id ir-20.500.12324-33913
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Alimentación animal - L02
Ganado de carne
Pastoreo
Rumiación
Temperatura del aire
Ganadería y especies menores
spellingShingle Alimentación animal - L02
Ganado de carne
Pastoreo
Rumiación
Temperatura del aire
Ganadería y especies menores
Suárez P., Emiro
Reza G., Sony
Díaz A., Eliecer
García C., Fredy
Pastrana V., Iván
Cuadrado C., Hugo
Espinosa C., Manuel
Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley
description Increases in temperature and relative humidity together with the solar radiation effect are detrimental to animal welfare, affecting their behavior when it comes to feeding and digestive behavior, which affects their productivity. Therefore, the goal of this research was to analyze the link between atmospheric variables, air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and solar radiation to the time of grazing and rumination of commercial Zebu cattle. The research took place from July to October 2010, at the Turipaná Center, Corpoica (Cereté, Colombia). Male intact bovines (27), with an average weight of 314 ± 29 kg, grazed in an area of 18 hectares, established with Panicum maximum cv. Mombasa, Cynodonnlem fluensis and Brachiaria hybrid cv. Mulato II, without shade availability. Eight evaluations were conducted for 8 days in the experimental period for atmospheric variables and ingestion. Notes were taken in 12 hour time frames (6:00 AM a 6:00 PM). The outcome showed that as the air temperature, relative humidity and solar radiation increased, the grazing time decreased and rumination time lasted longer. However, when wind speed increased, grazing time increased as well and rumination took less time. The results showed that the air temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation and wind speed had a direct influence on the ingestive behavior of beef cattle managed in intensive systems (shadeless) in Valle del Sinú.  
format Artículo (Article)
author Suárez P., Emiro
Reza G., Sony
Díaz A., Eliecer
García C., Fredy
Pastrana V., Iván
Cuadrado C., Hugo
Espinosa C., Manuel
author_facet Suárez P., Emiro
Reza G., Sony
Díaz A., Eliecer
García C., Fredy
Pastrana V., Iván
Cuadrado C., Hugo
Espinosa C., Manuel
author_sort Suárez P., Emiro
title Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley
title_short Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley
title_full Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley
title_fullStr Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley
title_full_unstemmed Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley
title_sort effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the sinú valley
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2018
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33913
_version_ 1672080565615984640
spelling ir-20.500.12324-339132020-07-08T21:24:41Z Effects of environmental conditions on feeding behavior in beef cattle in an intensive system in the Sinú Valley Efectos de las condiciones ambientales sobre el comportamiento ingestivo en bovinos de carne en un sistema intensivo en el Valle del Sinú Suárez P., Emiro Reza G., Sony Díaz A., Eliecer García C., Fredy Pastrana V., Iván Cuadrado C., Hugo Espinosa C., Manuel Alimentación animal - L02 Ganado de carne Pastoreo Rumiación Temperatura del aire Ganadería y especies menores Increases in temperature and relative humidity together with the solar radiation effect are detrimental to animal welfare, affecting their behavior when it comes to feeding and digestive behavior, which affects their productivity. Therefore, the goal of this research was to analyze the link between atmospheric variables, air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and solar radiation to the time of grazing and rumination of commercial Zebu cattle. The research took place from July to October 2010, at the Turipaná Center, Corpoica (Cereté, Colombia). Male intact bovines (27), with an average weight of 314 ± 29 kg, grazed in an area of 18 hectares, established with Panicum maximum cv. Mombasa, Cynodonnlem fluensis and Brachiaria hybrid cv. Mulato II, without shade availability. Eight evaluations were conducted for 8 days in the experimental period for atmospheric variables and ingestion. Notes were taken in 12 hour time frames (6:00 AM a 6:00 PM). The outcome showed that as the air temperature, relative humidity and solar radiation increased, the grazing time decreased and rumination time lasted longer. However, when wind speed increased, grazing time increased as well and rumination took less time. The results showed that the air temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation and wind speed had a direct influence on the ingestive behavior of beef cattle managed in intensive systems (shadeless) in Valle del Sinú.   Incrementos en la temperatura ambiental y la humedad relativa, unidas al efecto de la radiación solar, ocasionan pérdidas en el bienestar animal, afectando la conducta ingestiva y la productividad animal. Por ello el objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las relaciones entre las variables atmosféricas, como temperatura del aire, humedad relativa, velocidad del viento y radiación solar, con los tiempos de pastoreo y de rumia de bovinos cebú comercial. La investigación se llevó a cabo durante 96 días, entre julio-octubre de 2010, en el C.I. Turipaná de Corpoica (Cereté, Colombia). Bovinos machos enteros (27), con peso promedio 314 ± 29 kg, pastorearon en un área de 18 hectáreas, establecidas en Panicum maximum cv. Mombasa, Cynodonnlem fluensis y Brachiaria híbrido cv. Mulato II, sin disponibilidad de sombra. Se realizaron ocho evaluaciones durante 8 días dentro del periodo experimental de las variables atmosféricas e ingestivas y las anotaciones se hicieron en un lapso de 12 horas continuas (6:00 AM a 6:00 PM). Los resultados resaltan que al aumentar la temperatura del aire, humedad relativa y la radiación solar, disminuyó el tiempo de pastoreo y aumentó el tiempo de rumia, mientras que al aumentar la velocidad del viento se incrementó el tiempo de pastoreo y disminuyó el tiempo de rumia. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron que la temperatura del aire, humedad relativa, radiación solar y velocidad del viento, presentaron una influencia directa sobre el comportamiento ingestivo de los bovinos de carne manejados en sistemas intensivos (sin sombra) en el Valle del Sinú.   Ganado de carne 2018-11-06T20:41:31Z 2018-11-06T20:41:31Z 2013 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revista.corpoica.org.co/index.php/revista/article/view/257 10.21930/rcta.vol13_num2_art:257 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33913 reponame:Biblioteca Digital Agropecuaria de Colombia repourl:https://repository.agrosavia.co instname:Corporación colombiana de investigación agropecuaria AGROSAVIA spa http://revista.corpoica.org.co/index.php/revista/article/view/257/261 application/pdf Sinú Colombia Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 13 No 2 (2012); 207-212 Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 13 Núm. 2 (2012); 207-212 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 13 n. 2 (2012); 207-212 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol13-num2
score 11,15118