Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia

In tropical conditions near the equatorial, precipitation is the main climatic factor that influences the growth and development of citrus plants. In a ‘Valencia’ orange orchard planted with 11-year-old trees located in the higher portion of the foothills of Corpoica, La Libertad Research Center in...

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Autores Principales: Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando, Garzón C., Diana Lucia
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33904
id ir-20.500.12324-33904
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Fisiología de la planta crecimiento y desarrollo - F62
Producción alimentaria
Naranja dulce
Fenología
Suelo ácido
Frutales
spellingShingle Fisiología de la planta crecimiento y desarrollo - F62
Producción alimentaria
Naranja dulce
Fenología
Suelo ácido
Frutales
Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando
Garzón C., Diana Lucia
Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia
description In tropical conditions near the equatorial, precipitation is the main climatic factor that influences the growth and development of citrus plants. In a ‘Valencia’ orange orchard planted with 11-year-old trees located in the higher portion of the foothills of Corpoica, La Libertad Research Center in Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, we recorded tree production data between the years 2008-2010. Information on the phenology of ten marked trees was gathered fortnightly from four cardinal directions using the methodology of Garrán et al. (1993) during the years 2009 and 2010. For this same period, the water balance was calculated for this orchard. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics for most variables, and a mean-comparison test was carried out for the phenology observed at the cardinal points and for the correlation between annual precipitation and phenology. There was a positive correlation of 0.6 between rainfall and vegetative growth in 2009 and a negative correlation of -0.18 in 2010. There were no differences in phenology at the cardinal points. In 2008, the plants produced 168.8 kg/plant, causing the plants to present a strong vegetative growth and low yield (42.4 kg/tree) in 2009, whereas in 2010 there was an increase in the number of reproductive shoots, a decrease in the number of vegetative shoots and the harvest was 147.8 kg/tree. An alternation in the use of carbohydrates was observed between plant yield and vegetative growth.  
format Artículo (Article)
author Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando
Garzón C., Diana Lucia
author_facet Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando
Garzón C., Diana Lucia
author_sort Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando
title Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia
title_short Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia
title_full Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia
title_fullStr Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia
title_sort alternate bearing and phenology of ‘valencia’ orange (citrus sinensis [l.] osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of colombia
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2013
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33904
_version_ 1644810591100993536
spelling ir-20.500.12324-339042019-09-10T01:42:31Z Alternate bearing and phenology of ‘Valencia’ orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) in the lowland wet tropics of Colombia Alternancia de la producción y comportamiento fenológico de la naranja ‘Valencia’ (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) en el trópico bajo húmedo de Colombia Orduz-Rodríguez, Javier Orlando Garzón C., Diana Lucia Fisiología de la planta crecimiento y desarrollo - F62 Producción alimentaria Naranja dulce Fenología Suelo ácido Frutales In tropical conditions near the equatorial, precipitation is the main climatic factor that influences the growth and development of citrus plants. In a ‘Valencia’ orange orchard planted with 11-year-old trees located in the higher portion of the foothills of Corpoica, La Libertad Research Center in Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, we recorded tree production data between the years 2008-2010. Information on the phenology of ten marked trees was gathered fortnightly from four cardinal directions using the methodology of Garrán et al. (1993) during the years 2009 and 2010. For this same period, the water balance was calculated for this orchard. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics for most variables, and a mean-comparison test was carried out for the phenology observed at the cardinal points and for the correlation between annual precipitation and phenology. There was a positive correlation of 0.6 between rainfall and vegetative growth in 2009 and a negative correlation of -0.18 in 2010. There were no differences in phenology at the cardinal points. In 2008, the plants produced 168.8 kg/plant, causing the plants to present a strong vegetative growth and low yield (42.4 kg/tree) in 2009, whereas in 2010 there was an increase in the number of reproductive shoots, a decrease in the number of vegetative shoots and the harvest was 147.8 kg/tree. An alternation in the use of carbohydrates was observed between plant yield and vegetative growth.   En condiciones tropicales cerca de la línea ecuatorial, la precipitación es el principal factor climático que influye sobre el crecimiento y desarrollo de las plantas de cítricos. En un cultivo de naranja ‘Valencia’ de 11 años de edad ubicado en suelos de la terraza alta del piedemonte llanero en Corpoica, Centro de Investigación La Libertad, en Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, se llevaron los registros de producción por árbol en los años 2008 a 2010. A diez árboles marcados se le tomó información quincenal de la fenología de la planta en los cuatro puntos cardinales utilizando la metodología de Garrán et al. (1993) durante los años 2009 y 2010. Para estos mismos años se calculó el balance hídrico para el cultivo. La información se analizó con estadística descriptiva para la mayoría de las variables, prueba de comparación de medias para la fenología por puntos cardinales y correlación entre la precipitación anual y la fenología. Se presentó una correlación positiva de 0,6 entre precipitación y crecimiento vegetativo en el año 2009 y negativa de -0,18 en el año 2010. No se presentaron diferencias en la fenología por puntos cardinales. En el año 2008 las plantas obtuvieron 168,8 kg/planta, lo que ocasionó que en el año 2009 estas presentaran una fuerte brotación vegetativa y baja cosecha (42,4 kg/árbol); mientras que en el año 2010 aumentaron los brotes reproductivos, disminuyeron los brotes vegetativos y la cosecha fue de 147,8 kg/árbol. Se presentó una alternancia en el uso de carbohidratos entre el rendimiento de la planta y la brotación vegetativa.    Ganado de leche Naranja 2013-01-17 2018-11-06T20:41:29Z 2018-11-06T20:41:29Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revista.corpoica.org.co/index.php/revista/article/view/248 10.21930/rcta.vol13_num2_art:248 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33904 spa http://revista.corpoica.org.co/index.php/revista/article/view/248/251 application/pdf Meta Villavicencio Colombia Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 13 No 2 (2012); 136-144 Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 13 Núm. 2 (2012); 136-144 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 13 n. 2 (2012); 136-144 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol13-num2
score 10,697279