Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones

The effects of climate change on bovine feed availability in dry areas is a major constraint; as an innovation ten woody forages were selected in the dry zone of Rivas (Nicaragua), within which there are functional differences (nutritional, physical and phenological), that show the variability among...

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Autores Principales: Pérez A., Nelson, Ibrahim, Muhammad, Villanueva, Cristóbal, Skarpe, Christina, Guerin, Hubert
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) 2012
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33900
id ir-20.500.12324-33900
recordtype dspace
institution Agrosavia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
description The effects of climate change on bovine feed availability in dry areas is a major constraint; as an innovation ten woody forages were selected in the dry zone of Rivas (Nicaragua), within which there are functional differences (nutritional, physical and phenological), that show the variability among the woody ones, such as leguminous without thorns (Albizia niopoides, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, Samanea saman) leguminous with thorns (Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa pigra) and the woody ones no leguminous (Moringa oleifera, Brosimum alicastrum, Cordia dentata y Guazuma ulmifolia) that represent part of the tropical forage diversity, in dry zones with high possibility of integrate the woody ones with better forage characteristics in the design of silvopastoral systems to strategies of bovine feeding. There are not many studies developed, where foraged species are combined to determine the preference of the bovine in control tests of the coffee field, and the first one to be a short test where effective consumption time as a measure factor is integrated. Forage trees of thin branches < 1.0 cm was used for this testing, taking different selected individuals of each woody species. Likewise, 5 cows in production with similar characteristics were used, which before and after the testing remained with food and water available. The forage was arranged trays in pairs of woody species, according to the order of randomization; 225 combinations were executed; 45 combinations per cow (random); 25 daily combinations (random order); 3 minutes per each event; (75 minutes test/day); and a total test time of 11.25 hours, a number of species 10 during 9 days. Each of the forage specie was assessed, number of bits/woody species consumption time. The consumption was obtained for difference each of fodder specie offered and declined. These results reflect a bigger preference in the consumption of forage, influenced by the combination of species that present differences in their physical features, nutritional and phenological contrasts that favor a bigger grade of preference when comparing the woody ones offered individually. The ideas above can be explained by reasons that are associated to the integration of nutritional effects of the combination as synergic effects in the digest system, of the elements of the combination of woody or with an increasing in the palatability and consumption of species.  
format Artículo (Article)
author Pérez A., Nelson
Ibrahim, Muhammad
Villanueva, Cristóbal
Skarpe, Christina
Guerin, Hubert
spellingShingle Pérez A., Nelson
Ibrahim, Muhammad
Villanueva, Cristóbal
Skarpe, Christina
Guerin, Hubert
Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
author_facet Pérez A., Nelson
Ibrahim, Muhammad
Villanueva, Cristóbal
Skarpe, Christina
Guerin, Hubert
author_sort Pérez A., Nelson
title Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
title_short Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
title_full Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
title_fullStr Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
title_full_unstemmed Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
title_sort use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones
publisher Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)
publishDate 2012
url http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33900
_version_ 1637846271524864000
spelling ir-20.500.12324-339002019-06-18T20:39:10Z Use of tropical forage diversity in paired combinations of woody plants as an indicator of preference for inclusion in the design of silvopastoral systems in dry zones Uso de la diversidad forrajera tropical en combinaciones pareadas de leñosas forrajeras como indicador de preferencia para su inclusión en el diseño de sistemas silvopastoriles en zonas secas Pérez A., Nelson Ibrahim, Muhammad Villanueva, Cristóbal Skarpe, Christina Guerin, Hubert The effects of climate change on bovine feed availability in dry areas is a major constraint; as an innovation ten woody forages were selected in the dry zone of Rivas (Nicaragua), within which there are functional differences (nutritional, physical and phenological), that show the variability among the woody ones, such as leguminous without thorns (Albizia niopoides, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, Samanea saman) leguminous with thorns (Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa pigra) and the woody ones no leguminous (Moringa oleifera, Brosimum alicastrum, Cordia dentata y Guazuma ulmifolia) that represent part of the tropical forage diversity, in dry zones with high possibility of integrate the woody ones with better forage characteristics in the design of silvopastoral systems to strategies of bovine feeding. There are not many studies developed, where foraged species are combined to determine the preference of the bovine in control tests of the coffee field, and the first one to be a short test where effective consumption time as a measure factor is integrated. Forage trees of thin branches < 1.0 cm was used for this testing, taking different selected individuals of each woody species. Likewise, 5 cows in production with similar characteristics were used, which before and after the testing remained with food and water available. The forage was arranged trays in pairs of woody species, according to the order of randomization; 225 combinations were executed; 45 combinations per cow (random); 25 daily combinations (random order); 3 minutes per each event; (75 minutes test/day); and a total test time of 11.25 hours, a number of species 10 during 9 days. Each of the forage specie was assessed, number of bits/woody species consumption time. The consumption was obtained for difference each of fodder specie offered and declined. These results reflect a bigger preference in the consumption of forage, influenced by the combination of species that present differences in their physical features, nutritional and phenological contrasts that favor a bigger grade of preference when comparing the woody ones offered individually. The ideas above can be explained by reasons that are associated to the integration of nutritional effects of the combination as synergic effects in the digest system, of the elements of the combination of woody or with an increasing in the palatability and consumption of species.   Los efectos del cambio climático frente a la disponibilidad de alimento bovino en zonas secas es una gran limitante, como innovación se seleccionaron diez forrajes leñosos en la zona seca de Rivas (Nicaragua); dentro de las cuales existen diferencias funcionales (nutricionales, físicas y fenológicas) que muestran la variabilidad entre las leñosas tales como leguminosas sin espinas (Albizia niopoides, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, Samanea saman); leguminosas con espinas (Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa pigra) y leñosas no leguminosas (Moringa oleifera, Brosimum alicastrum, Cordia dentata y Guazuma ulmifolia). Estas representan parte de la diversidad forrajera tropical de zonas secas con alta posibilidad de integrarlas en el diseño de sistemas silvopastoriles como estrategias de alimentación bovina. Son pocos los estudios desarrollados en donde se combinan especies forrajeras para determinar la preferencia de los bovinos en pruebas controladas de cafetería, la primera, como una prueba corta se usó la metodología de pruebas de cafetería con leñosas pareadas, en donde se integra el tiempo efectivo de consumo como factor de medición. Para esto se utilizó forraje de ramas delgadas <1,0 cm de diferentes individuos seleccionados de cada especie leñosa. Se utilizaron 5 vacas en producción con similares características, las cuales antes y después de las pruebas permanecieron con alimento y agua disponible. Se dispusieron atados en parejas de leñosas de acuerdo al orden de aleatorización. Se realizaron 225 combinaciones; 45 combinaciones por vaca (aleatorio) 25 combinaciones diarias (orden aleatorio); 3 minutos por evento; (75 minutos prueba/día); tiempo total de la prueba 11,25 horas; número de especies 10 y número días de prueba 9. Se evaluó el tiempo de consumo de cada leñosa, número de bocados/especie, y se obtuvo el consumo por diferencia de forraje ofrecido y rechazado. Estos resultados reflejan mayor preferencia y consumo de forraje, influenciado por la combinación de especies que presentan diferencias en sus rasgos físicos, nutricionales y fenológicos contrastantes que favorecen un mayor grado de preferencia cuando son ofrecidas individualemte. Lo anterior es explicado por razones asociadas a la integración de efectos nutricionales de la combinación como efectos sinérgicos a nivel digestivo de los componentes de la combinación de leñosas o con un incremento en la palatabilidad y consumo de las especies.    Ganado de leche 2012-06-08 2018-11-06T20:41:29Z 2018-11-06T20:41:29Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revista.corpoica.org.co/index.php/revista/article/view/243 10.21930/rcta.vol13_num1_art:243 http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12324/33900 spa http://revista.corpoica.org.co/index.php/revista/article/view/243/247 application/pdf Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia) Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol 13 No 1 (2012); 79-88 Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria; Vol. 13 Núm. 1 (2012); 79-88 revista Corpoica Ciência e Tecnologia Agropecuária; v. 13 n. 1 (2012); 79-88 2500-5308 0122-8706 10.21930/rcta.vol13-num1
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