Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia

Access to more information by a group of voters may represent more knowledge about the political system and incentivize people to make better choices. In this paper I argue that mass media have an impact over voters' knowledge, reflected on one of the main forms of political participation that...

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Autor Principal: Salcedo Monroy, Darío José
Formato: Desconocido (Unknown)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE 2018
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/1992/8542
id ir-1992-8542
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-1992-85422020-09-16T20:23:21Z Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia Medios locales : expansión de radio y rendición de cuentas políticas evidencia de Colombia Salcedo Monroy, Darío José Media Radio Voters Elections Information Medios de comunicación de masas - Aspectos políticos - Colombia Medios de comunicación de masas - Aspectos sociales - Colombia Información estratégica D72, L82, P16 Access to more information by a group of voters may represent more knowledge about the political system and incentivize people to make better choices. In this paper I argue that mass media have an impact over voters' knowledge, reflected on one of the main forms of political participation that citizens have in a democracy: voting and politicians' performance. The media outlet I take into account is radio, starting from its last stage of expansion in Colombia, since the mid 1990s. I use a measure of radio based on the counting of stations and the exogenous variation in signal transmission given by municipal topographic characteristics to study the effect of the growing number of radio stations on a set of political and policy results. I find that in municipalities with more radio stations turnout for the different types of elections, namely Presidential (1994-2010), Mayor (1994-2011), Senate (1994-2010) and House (1994-2010) elections, increases. I show that the vote share of the winning party in the Senate elections declines and the effective number of parties expands when there is greater exposure to radio, suggesting an increasing electoral competition. Finally, I find that the presence of local media also influences policy. A larger number of radio stations is associated with more resources to investment and a lower share of spending represented by operating expenditures. El acceso a mayor información por parte de un grupo de potenciales votantes puede significar un mayor conocimiento acerca del sistema político e incentivar a las personas a tomar mejores decisiones. En este documento postulo que los medios masivos de comunicación generan un impacto sobre el conocimiento de los votantes, reflejado en una de las principales formas de participación política que poseen los ciudadanos en una democracia: el voto, y sobre el desempeño de los políticos. El medio de comunicación que abordo en el artículo es la radio, partiendo de su última etapa de expansión en Colombia, desde mediados de los años 90. Utilizo una medida de radio basada en el conteo de emisoras y la variación exógena en la transmisión de las señales dada por las características topográficas municipales para estudiar el efecto del creciente número de emisoras sobre varios resultados electorales y de política. Los resultados indican que en municipios con más estaciones de radio aumento la participación de los votantes en los diferentes comicios electorales, a saber, elecciones Presidenciales (1994-2010), de Alcalde (1994-2011), de Senado (1994-2010) y Cámara de Representantes (1994-2010)... 2018-09-27T16:54:12Z 2018-09-27T16:54:12Z 2015 document publishedVersion 1657-5334 http://hdl.handle.net/1992/8542 1657-7191 eng Documentos CEDE No. 04 Febrero de 2015 Al consultar y hacer uso de este recurso, está aceptando las condiciones de uso establecidas por los autores. openAccess Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE instname:Universidad de los Andes reponame:Repositorio Institucional Séneca
institution Universidad de los Andes
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Media
Radio
Voters
Elections
Information
Medios de comunicación de masas - Aspectos políticos - Colombia
Medios de comunicación de masas - Aspectos sociales - Colombia
Información estratégica
D72, L82, P16
spellingShingle Media
Radio
Voters
Elections
Information
Medios de comunicación de masas - Aspectos políticos - Colombia
Medios de comunicación de masas - Aspectos sociales - Colombia
Información estratégica
D72, L82, P16
Salcedo Monroy, Darío José
Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia
description Access to more information by a group of voters may represent more knowledge about the political system and incentivize people to make better choices. In this paper I argue that mass media have an impact over voters' knowledge, reflected on one of the main forms of political participation that citizens have in a democracy: voting and politicians' performance. The media outlet I take into account is radio, starting from its last stage of expansion in Colombia, since the mid 1990s. I use a measure of radio based on the counting of stations and the exogenous variation in signal transmission given by municipal topographic characteristics to study the effect of the growing number of radio stations on a set of political and policy results. I find that in municipalities with more radio stations turnout for the different types of elections, namely Presidential (1994-2010), Mayor (1994-2011), Senate (1994-2010) and House (1994-2010) elections, increases. I show that the vote share of the winning party in the Senate elections declines and the effective number of parties expands when there is greater exposure to radio, suggesting an increasing electoral competition. Finally, I find that the presence of local media also influences policy. A larger number of radio stations is associated with more resources to investment and a lower share of spending represented by operating expenditures.
format Desconocido (Unknown)
author Salcedo Monroy, Darío José
author_facet Salcedo Monroy, Darío José
author_sort Salcedo Monroy, Darío José
title Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia
title_short Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia
title_full Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia
title_fullStr Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from Colombia
title_sort local media : expansion of radio and political accountability : evidence from colombia
publisher Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE
publishDate 2018
url http://hdl.handle.net/1992/8542
_version_ 1705932475436367872
score 12,111491