Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia

We study the ex-ante motivational effect of a nationwide merit and need-based scholarship in Colombia, which granted full scholarships to low-income students at high-quality universities. The results from a regression discontinuity design indicate that the opportunity to receive the scholarship sign...

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Autores Principales: Laajaj, Rachid, Moya, Andrés, Sánchez, Fabio
Formato: Desconocido (Unknown)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE 2020
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Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/1992/41025
id ir-1992-41025
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-1992-410252020-09-16T20:19:46Z Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia Laajaj, Rachid Moya, Andrés Sánchez, Fabio Equality of opportunity Human capital accumulation Socioeconomic achievement gap H52, I24, I25, O15 We study the ex-ante motivational effect of a nationwide merit and need-based scholarship in Colombia, which granted full scholarships to low-income students at high-quality universities. The results from a regression discontinuity design indicate that the opportunity to receive the scholarship significantly increased test scores at the national high school exit exam at the top of the distribution. At the 90th percentile of the distribution, eligibility for the scholarship reduced the socioeconomic achievement gap by 16 percent. In addition, we find that the eligibility to the  scholarship resulted in positive effects of on test scores of younger cohorts and increased post-secondary enrollment, even for the non-recipients of the scholarship. Our results highlight how opportunities for social mobility encourage human capital accumulation by low-income students, thus contributing to the break the persistence of poverty and inequality. 2020-07-28T17:15:42Z 2020-07-28T17:15:42Z 2018 document publishedVersion 1657-5334 http://hdl.handle.net/1992/41025 1657-7191 spa Documentos CEDE No. 26 Junio de 2018 Al consultar y hacer uso de este recurso, está aceptando las condiciones de uso establecidas por los autores. openAccess Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE instname:Universidad de los Andes reponame:Repositorio Institucional Séneca
institution Universidad de los Andes
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Equality of opportunity
Human capital accumulation
Socioeconomic achievement gap
H52, I24, I25, O15
spellingShingle Equality of opportunity
Human capital accumulation
Socioeconomic achievement gap
H52, I24, I25, O15
Laajaj, Rachid
Moya, Andrés
Sánchez, Fabio
Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia
description We study the ex-ante motivational effect of a nationwide merit and need-based scholarship in Colombia, which granted full scholarships to low-income students at high-quality universities. The results from a regression discontinuity design indicate that the opportunity to receive the scholarship significantly increased test scores at the national high school exit exam at the top of the distribution. At the 90th percentile of the distribution, eligibility for the scholarship reduced the socioeconomic achievement gap by 16 percent. In addition, we find that the eligibility to the  scholarship resulted in positive effects of on test scores of younger cohorts and increased post-secondary enrollment, even for the non-recipients of the scholarship. Our results highlight how opportunities for social mobility encourage human capital accumulation by low-income students, thus contributing to the break the persistence of poverty and inequality.
format Desconocido (Unknown)
author Laajaj, Rachid
Moya, Andrés
Sánchez, Fabio
author_facet Laajaj, Rachid
Moya, Andrés
Sánchez, Fabio
author_sort Laajaj, Rachid
title Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia
title_short Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia
title_full Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia
title_fullStr Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Equality of Opportunity and Human Capital Accumulation: Motivational Effect of a Nationwide Scholarship in Colombia
title_sort equality of opportunity and human capital accumulation: motivational effect of a nationwide scholarship in colombia
publisher Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE
publishDate 2020
url http://hdl.handle.net/1992/41025
_version_ 1705932356792090624
score 11,828437