Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen

In this work, the biomechanical study of track cycling start was carried out, this study was based on the analysis of motion by videometry. For the analysis, Kinovea was used, a free open source software. Kinovea allows us to analyze angles and trajectories present in a video. The study was based on...

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Autores Principales: García Coronado, Ricardo, Parra Borda, Julián A., Torres Pérez, Yolanda
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad Santo Tomás Seccional Tunja 2019
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/11634/17630
id ir-11634-17630
recordtype dspace
institution Universidad Santo Tomas
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Análisis biomecánico; ciclismo de pista; curvas cinemáticas; deportista ama-teur; deportista semiprofesional
Biomechanical AnalysisM; Track Cycling; Kinematic Curves; Amateur Athlete; Se-mi-Professional Athlete
Análise biomecânica; ciclismo de pista; curvas cinematográficas; atleta ama-dor; atleta semi-profissional
spellingShingle Análisis biomecánico; ciclismo de pista; curvas cinemáticas; deportista ama-teur; deportista semiprofesional
Biomechanical AnalysisM; Track Cycling; Kinematic Curves; Amateur Athlete; Se-mi-Professional Athlete
Análise biomecânica; ciclismo de pista; curvas cinematográficas; atleta ama-dor; atleta semi-profissional
García Coronado, Ricardo
Parra Borda, Julián A.
Torres Pérez, Yolanda
Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
description In this work, the biomechanical study of track cycling start was carried out, this study was based on the analysis of motion by videometry. For the analysis, Kinovea was used, a free open source software. Kinovea allows us to analyze angles and trajectories present in a video. The study was based on the start of track cycling in two athletes, a girl member of the Boyacá selection of mi-nors, race of champions with semiprofessional level and the other athlete is a university student with little experience in the field of track cycling. The comparison between these two competitors is presented in order to establish certain characteristics that can become very important and determining factors in the execution of the start of this sport. It was found that the torque exer-ted by the foot in relation to the pedal of the semi-professional athlete is greater than that of the amateur athlete, this is due to the angulation that was formed at the moment of generating the pedaling. When studying the initial results, we reach the conclusion of a post intervention that seeks to improve the execution capacity in the start of track cycling, for this intervention the hei-ghts of the saddle are changed in the amateur athlete, in addition to this, the grip of the handlebar (ergopower) since this is a very important factor that affects the position of the saddle as the po-sition of the foot in relation to the pedal. It is concluded that by making corrective measures that improve postural errors good performance and good execution of the sport, in addition to this, injuries and alterations in the execution technique of the start of track cycling will be avoided.
format Artículo (Article)
author García Coronado, Ricardo
Parra Borda, Julián A.
Torres Pérez, Yolanda
author_facet García Coronado, Ricardo
Parra Borda, Julián A.
Torres Pérez, Yolanda
author_sort García Coronado, Ricardo
title Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
title_short Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
title_full Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
title_fullStr Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
title_full_unstemmed Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
title_sort biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen
publisher Universidad Santo Tomás Seccional Tunja
publishDate 2019
url http://hdl.handle.net/11634/17630
_version_ 1712106711688413184
spelling ir-11634-176302019-07-11T18:40:26Z Biomechanical analysis of the execution technique in the start of track cycling between semi-professional and amateur sportsmen Análisis biomecánico de la técnica de ejecución en el arranque de ciclismo de pista entre deportista semiprofesional y amateur Análise biomecânica da técnica de execução no início do ciclismo de trilha entre desportistas semi-profissionais e amadores García Coronado, Ricardo Parra Borda, Julián A. Torres Pérez, Yolanda Análisis biomecánico; ciclismo de pista; curvas cinemáticas; deportista ama-teur; deportista semiprofesional Biomechanical AnalysisM; Track Cycling; Kinematic Curves; Amateur Athlete; Se-mi-Professional Athlete Análise biomecânica; ciclismo de pista; curvas cinematográficas; atleta ama-dor; atleta semi-profissional In this work, the biomechanical study of track cycling start was carried out, this study was based on the analysis of motion by videometry. For the analysis, Kinovea was used, a free open source software. Kinovea allows us to analyze angles and trajectories present in a video. The study was based on the start of track cycling in two athletes, a girl member of the Boyacá selection of mi-nors, race of champions with semiprofessional level and the other athlete is a university student with little experience in the field of track cycling. The comparison between these two competitors is presented in order to establish certain characteristics that can become very important and determining factors in the execution of the start of this sport. It was found that the torque exer-ted by the foot in relation to the pedal of the semi-professional athlete is greater than that of the amateur athlete, this is due to the angulation that was formed at the moment of generating the pedaling. When studying the initial results, we reach the conclusion of a post intervention that seeks to improve the execution capacity in the start of track cycling, for this intervention the hei-ghts of the saddle are changed in the amateur athlete, in addition to this, the grip of the handlebar (ergopower) since this is a very important factor that affects the position of the saddle as the po-sition of the foot in relation to the pedal. It is concluded that by making corrective measures that improve postural errors good performance and good execution of the sport, in addition to this, injuries and alterations in the execution technique of the start of track cycling will be avoided. En este trabajo se realizó el estudio biomecánico del arranque en ciclismo de pista, este estudio se fundamentó en el análisis del movimiento por videometría. Para el análisis se utilizó Kinovea, este es un software gratuito de código abierto. Kinovea permite analizar ángulos y trayectorias presentes en un video. El estudio se fundamentó en el arranque de ciclismo de pista en dos deportistas, una niña integrante de la selección Boyacá de menores Raza de campeones con nivel semiprofesional, el otro deportista es un estudiante universitario con poca experiencia en el ámbito del ciclismo de pista. Se presenta la comparación que hay entre estos dos competidores con el fin de establecer ciertas características que pueden llegar a ser factores muy importantes y determinantes en la ejecución del arranque de esta gesta deportiva. Se encontró que el torque ejercido del pie en relación con el pedal de la deportista semiprofesional es mayor que el del de-portista amateur, esto se debe a la angulación que se formó al momento de generar el pedaleo. Al estudiar los resultados iniciales se llega a la conclusión de hacer una post intervención que busca mejorar la capacidad de ejecución en el arranque de ciclismo de pista, para esta inter-vención se cambian las alturas del sillín en el deportista amateur, además de esto se corrige el agarre del manilar (ergopower) ya que esto es un factor muy importante que afecta la posición del sillín como la postura del pie en relación con el pedal. Se llega a la conclusión de que al hacer medidas correctivas que mejoren errores posturales se tendrá buen rendimiento y buena ejecución de la gesta deportiva, además de esto se evitaran lesiones y alteraciones en la técnica de ejecución del arranque en ciclismo de pista. Neste trabalho, iniciou-se o estudo biomecânico do ciclismo de pista, este estudo foi baseado na análise de movimento por videometria. Para a análise de Kinovea foi usado, este é um sof-tware livre de código aberto. Kinovea nos permite analisar ângulos e trajetórias presentes em um vídeo. O estudo foi baseado no Ciclismo em Pista começando dois atletas, um membro menina da seleção Boyacá de menor Corrida dos Campeões com nível semiprofissional, o outro atleta é um estudante universitário com pouca experiência no campo do ciclismo de pista. A compa-ração entre estes dois competidores é apresentada a fim de estabelecer certas características que podem se tornar muito importantes e determinantes na execução do início deste esporte. Verificou-se que o binário exercido pé em relação ao atleta semiprofessional pedal é maior do que o atleta amador, isto é devido ao ângulo que se formou quando a geração de pedalar. Ao estudar os resultados iniciais, conclui-se para fazer uma pós-intervenção que visa melhorar a capacidade de execução no início do ciclismo de pista, para este assento alturas de intervenção no atleta amador são alteradas, além de que é corrigido grip do manilar (ergopower) já que este é um fator muito importante que afeta a posição do selim como a posição do pé em relação ao pedal. Conclui-se que, ao realizar medidas corretivas que melhorem os erros posturais, haverá bom desempenho e boa execução do esporte, além de evitar lesões e alterações na técnica de execução da bota no ciclismo de pista. 2019-07-03 2019-07-11T18:40:26Z 2019-07-11T18:40:26Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistas.ustatunja.edu.co/index.php/ingeniomagno/article/view/1714 http://hdl.handle.net/11634/17630 spa http://revistas.ustatunja.edu.co/index.php/ingeniomagno/article/view/1714/1559 Copyright (c) 2019 Ingenio Magno application/pdf Universidad Santo Tomás Seccional Tunja Ingenio Magno; Vol. 9, Núm. 2 (2018): Ingenio Magno vol. 9-2; 94-104 2422-2399 2145-9282
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