Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it

"We attempt to spell out the causes and costs of Colombia´s crime situation. Homicide rates are the highest in the world, three times higher than those of Brazil - Mexico and ten times higher than those of other Latin American countries. Paradoxically, Colombia is not exceptional with relation...

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Autores Principales: Levitt, Steven, Rubio, Mauricio
Publicado: 2015
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/11445/819
id ir-11445-819
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-11445-8192017-06-17T16:57:38Z Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it Levitt, Steven Rubio, Mauricio Seguridad Crimen Colombia "We attempt to spell out the causes and costs of Colombia´s crime situation. Homicide rates are the highest in the world, three times higher than those of Brazil - Mexico and ten times higher than those of other Latin American countries. Paradoxically, Colombia is not exceptional with relation to property crime. In recent years, homicide rates have dropped in some of the most violent regions. Our conclusion is that drug trafficking coupled with low levels of punishment to criminals are the most important contributors to Colombian exceptional homicide rates. In relation to guerrillas, we find that their activities explain the high rates of kidnapping (and, in particular, its recent upsurge), but they are little related to the evolution of homicide rates. Socioeconomic factors, such as, income inequality and poverty, and sociological factors, such as the notion that Colombians are more violent by nature, do not appear to be the central explanation of crime rates in this country. Accordingly, our main policy recommendations are as follows: more and better information is required, lessening corruption in the criminal justice system is paramount, independent units for fighting kidnapping and homicides are needed, and financing the guerrillas so that they stop kidnapping should be explored. Most of our recommendations are related to the Colombian criminal justice system, the Plan Colombia and the drug policy." "We attempt to spell out the causes and costs of Colombia´s crime situation. Homicide rates are the highest in the world, three times higher than those of Brazil - Mexico and ten times higher than those of other Latin American countries. Paradoxically, Colombia is not exceptional with relation to property crime. In recent years, homicide rates have dropped in some of the most violent regions. Our conclusion is that drug trafficking coupled with low levels of punishment to criminals are the most important contributors to Colombian exceptional homicide rates. In relation to guerrillas, we find that their activities explain the high rates of kidnapping (and, in particular, its recent upsurge), but they are little related to the evolution of homicide rates. Socioeconomic factors, such as, income inequality and poverty, and sociological factors, such as the notion that Colombians are more violent by nature, do not appear to be the central explanation of crime rates in this country. Accordingly, our main policy recommendations are as follows: more and better information is required, lessening corruption in the criminal justice system is paramount, independent units for fighting kidnapping and homicides are needed, and financing the guerrillas so that they stop kidnapping should be explored. Most of our recommendations are related to the Colombian criminal justice system, the Plan Colombia and the drug policy." H56 H42 2015-12-19T00:02:31Z 2016-01-21T02:26:09Z 2017-04-17T20:27:02Z 2017-06-17T16:57:38Z 2015-12-19T00:02:31Z 2016-01-21T02:26:09Z 2017-04-17T20:27:02Z 2017-06-17T16:57:38Z 2000-06 http://hdl.handle.net/11445/819 Documentos de Trabajo (Working Papers). No. 20. Junio 2000 application/pdf
institution Fedesarrollo
collection DSpace
topic Seguridad
Crimen
Colombia
spellingShingle Seguridad
Crimen
Colombia
Levitt, Steven
Rubio, Mauricio
Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it
description "We attempt to spell out the causes and costs of Colombia´s crime situation. Homicide rates are the highest in the world, three times higher than those of Brazil - Mexico and ten times higher than those of other Latin American countries. Paradoxically, Colombia is not exceptional with relation to property crime. In recent years, homicide rates have dropped in some of the most violent regions. Our conclusion is that drug trafficking coupled with low levels of punishment to criminals are the most important contributors to Colombian exceptional homicide rates. In relation to guerrillas, we find that their activities explain the high rates of kidnapping (and, in particular, its recent upsurge), but they are little related to the evolution of homicide rates. Socioeconomic factors, such as, income inequality and poverty, and sociological factors, such as the notion that Colombians are more violent by nature, do not appear to be the central explanation of crime rates in this country. Accordingly, our main policy recommendations are as follows: more and better information is required, lessening corruption in the criminal justice system is paramount, independent units for fighting kidnapping and homicides are needed, and financing the guerrillas so that they stop kidnapping should be explored. Most of our recommendations are related to the Colombian criminal justice system, the Plan Colombia and the drug policy."
author Levitt, Steven
Rubio, Mauricio
author_facet Levitt, Steven
Rubio, Mauricio
author_sort Levitt, Steven
title Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it
title_short Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it
title_full Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it
title_fullStr Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it
title_full_unstemmed Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it
title_sort understanding crime in colombia and what can be done about it
publishDate 2015
url http://hdl.handle.net/11445/819
_version_ 1626721818087784448
score 10,702001