Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012

Background: Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of pediatric outpatient and emergency, which on average constitute 60% of consultations, being considered for several decades as a public health problem, being responsible for the deaths of about 4 million children a year, mostly in deve...

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Autores Principales: Coronado Villa, Linda, Crescente Fontalvo, Melissa, Daza Plata, Andrea, Díaz Alcendra, Óscar, Manjarrez Bustos, Gilma, Pinedo Otálvaro, Jaime, Sará Quintero, Marcos
Formato: http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad Libre 2012
Acceso en línea:http://hdl.handle.net/10901/14756
id ir-10901-14756
recordtype dspace
institution Universidad Libre de Colombia
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
description Background: Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of pediatric outpatient and emergency, which on average constitute 60% of consultations, being considered for several decades as a public health problem, being responsible for the deaths of about 4 million children a year, mostly in developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Objective: Determine the most common management of acute respiratory infections (non-pneumonic) in chil- dren from the age of two months to five years old. Methodology: We designed a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at the Nazareth Hospital in Barranquilla (Colombia). Sample of 50 patients, primary source information obtained by surveys, and secondary through medi- cal records. Results: We found that the most frequently used maneuvers were related to non-pharmacological measures for physicians and caregivers. For the common cold, pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment met equal per- centage; the pharmacological prevailed in otitis media, and non-pharmacological measures in addressing croup for both health professionals to caregivers, but the conservative management was done only by professionals traf- fickers (inhalers, intravenous fluids, epinephrine and oxygen). Excels the high percentage of cases where specific drugs are used, among other, as antibiotics, by 60% for sore throat physicians, and in the croup 40 % were treated with antibiotics for caregivers, demonstrating an inappropriate use of these drugs.
format http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501
author Coronado Villa, Linda
Crescente Fontalvo, Melissa
Daza Plata, Andrea
Díaz Alcendra, Óscar
Manjarrez Bustos, Gilma
Pinedo Otálvaro, Jaime
Sará Quintero, Marcos
spellingShingle Coronado Villa, Linda
Crescente Fontalvo, Melissa
Daza Plata, Andrea
Díaz Alcendra, Óscar
Manjarrez Bustos, Gilma
Pinedo Otálvaro, Jaime
Sará Quintero, Marcos
Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012
author_facet Coronado Villa, Linda
Crescente Fontalvo, Melissa
Daza Plata, Andrea
Díaz Alcendra, Óscar
Manjarrez Bustos, Gilma
Pinedo Otálvaro, Jaime
Sará Quintero, Marcos
author_sort Coronado Villa, Linda
title Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012
title_short Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012
title_full Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012
title_fullStr Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012
title_full_unstemmed Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012
title_sort management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. nazareth hospital, barranquilla,2012
publisher Universidad Libre
publishDate 2012
url http://hdl.handle.net/10901/14756
_version_ 1697734774107406336
spelling ir-10901-147562021-04-13T15:36:05Z Management of non-pneumonic acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years old. Nazareth Hospital, Barranquilla,2012 Determinación de manejos más frecuentes en ira no neumónica en menores de cinco años. Hospital Nazareth, Barranquilla,2012 Coronado Villa, Linda Crescente Fontalvo, Melissa Daza Plata, Andrea Díaz Alcendra, Óscar Manjarrez Bustos, Gilma Pinedo Otálvaro, Jaime Sará Quintero, Marcos Background: Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of pediatric outpatient and emergency, which on average constitute 60% of consultations, being considered for several decades as a public health problem, being responsible for the deaths of about 4 million children a year, mostly in developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Objective: Determine the most common management of acute respiratory infections (non-pneumonic) in chil- dren from the age of two months to five years old. Methodology: We designed a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at the Nazareth Hospital in Barranquilla (Colombia). Sample of 50 patients, primary source information obtained by surveys, and secondary through medi- cal records. Results: We found that the most frequently used maneuvers were related to non-pharmacological measures for physicians and caregivers. For the common cold, pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment met equal per- centage; the pharmacological prevailed in otitis media, and non-pharmacological measures in addressing croup for both health professionals to caregivers, but the conservative management was done only by professionals traf- fickers (inhalers, intravenous fluids, epinephrine and oxygen). Excels the high percentage of cases where specific drugs are used, among other, as antibiotics, by 60% for sore throat physicians, and in the croup 40 % were treated with antibiotics for caregivers, demonstrating an inappropriate use of these drugs. x- terna y urgencia, donde en promedio constituyen el 60% de las consultas, siendo consideradas desde hace va décadas como un problema de salud pública, responsables de la muerte de alrededor de 4 millones de niños por año, principalmente en países en vías de desarrollo de Asia, África y América Latina. Objetivo: Determinar el manejo más frecuente de las infecciones respiratorias agudas (no neumónicas) en niños de dos meses a cinco años de edad. Metodología: Se diseñó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado en el Hospital Nazareth de Barran- quilla (Colombia). Muestra de 50 pacientes, información obtenida mediante fuente primaria por encuestas, y secundaria a través de historias clínicas. Resultados: Se encontró que los manejos utilizados con mayor frecuencia fueron los relacionados con medidas no farmacológicas por médicos tratantes y acudientes. Para el resfriado común, el tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico se encontró con igualdad de porcentaje, el farmacológico primó en otitis media, y medidas no farmacológicas en el abordaje del crup tanto para profesionales de la salud como para acudientes, aunque aquí se observó un manejo farmacológico que solo fue realizado por profesionales tratantes (inhaladores, hidratación parenteral, adrenalina y oxígeno). Sobresale el elevado porcentaje de casos donde se utilizan medicamentos es- pecíficos, entre otros, como antibióticos, en un 60% para faringoamigdalitis por médicos tratantes, y para el caso UP el 40% fueron tratados con antibióticos por acudientes, demostrando un uso inapropiado de estos fármacos. 2012-12-01 2019-03-19T16:16:15Z 2019-03-19T16:16:15Z http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501 http://purl.org/coar/version/c_970fb48d4fbd8a85 https://revistas.unilibre.edu.co/index.php/biociencias/article/view/2801 http://hdl.handle.net/10901/14756 spa https://revistas.unilibre.edu.co/index.php/biociencias/article/view/2801/2221 Revistas - Ciencias de la Salud http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/ Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia application/pdf Universidad Libre Biociencias; Vol 7 No 2 (2012): Biociencias; 35-44 Biociencias; Vol. 7 Núm. 2 (2012): Biociencias; 35-44 2390-0512 0124-0110
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