Divergence between value and price of work. an explanation to the inequality in the distribution of created wealth?

This paper presents the author’s reflections about the concepts of value and price of human labor, as a theoretical initial part of a larger research that aims to advance the analysis applied to the situation found in some countries or regions, with emphasis in the Colombian case. This part begins w...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autor Principal: Silva Colmenares, Julio
Formato: Artículo revisado por pares
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad Libre 2014
Materias:
Descripción
Sumario:This paper presents the author’s reflections about the concepts of value and price of human labor, as a theoretical initial part of a larger research that aims to advance the analysis applied to the situation found in some countries or regions, with emphasis in the Colombian case. This part begins with some thoughts on two phenomena inherent to capitalism and has a close relationship with the unequal distribution of wealth: the complementary process of concentration of production and centralization of capital and the eventual change observed in the recurring crises of capitalism, that every time obeys less to overproduction and more to subconsumption. Next is reviewed the essential contribution of Karl Marx on the dual character of human labor, both as abstract labor, creator of exchange value, and concrete labor, as creator of use value. Marx, himself, considerated this contribution more important that his conception of plusvalía, since that gives support to this one, precedes to capitalism and helps to explain the growing inequality mentioned. In order to finalize, some contributions on the theory of value previous to Marx were reviewed, and it concludes with the paradox that expresses certain currents of contemporary economic and social thought, while extolling the importance of human labor, reaching speak of «human capital» as the most important of any organization or society but denying any validity to the theories on value based in human labor.