Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970

The paper analyzes innovative psychiatric practices that took place in Argentina during the sixties and seventies at the Hospital Jose Esteves in the province of Buenos Aires. Objective: To present the coexistence of different paradigms related to mental health in the same institution and to analyze...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autor Principal: Golcman, Aida Alejandra
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad del Rosario 2012
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/revsalud/article/view/2301
http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/7546
id ir-10336-7546
recordtype dspace
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Psychiatry, Innovative practices, ideological persecution
Psiquiatría, innovaciones terapéuticas, persecución ideológica
Psiquiatria, inovações terapêuticas, persecução ideológica
spellingShingle Psychiatry, Innovative practices, ideological persecution
Psiquiatría, innovaciones terapéuticas, persecución ideológica
Psiquiatria, inovações terapêuticas, persecução ideológica
Golcman, Aida Alejandra
Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970
description The paper analyzes innovative psychiatric practices that took place in Argentina during the sixties and seventies at the Hospital Jose Esteves in the province of Buenos Aires. Objective: To present the coexistence of different paradigms related to mental health in the same institution and to analyze the complexities generated by this scenario. Methodology: This study uses primary sources in the form of medical records of patients admitted to the hospital between 1960 and 1979. The medical records were cross-referenced with publications of newspapers and magazines of the time. Results: The analysis shows that the political environment during the era of militarydictatorship —characterized by ideological persecution and the inhibition of political expression— influenced the development of innovative psychiatric practices. At the same time, instances ofanti-Semitism and ideological persecution among health workers affected therapeutic approaches. Conclusions: While the introduction of innovative practices in mental health led to someresistance among the more orthodox psychiatrists, the presence of different paradigms shows a plan, both political and professional, to transform psychiatry and admission policy in Argentina.
format Artículo (Article)
author Golcman, Aida Alejandra
author_facet Golcman, Aida Alejandra
author_sort Golcman, Aida Alejandra
title Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970
title_short Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970
title_full Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970
title_fullStr Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970
title_full_unstemmed Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970
title_sort innovative practices in psychiatry. argentina, 1960-1970
publisher Universidad del Rosario
publishDate 2012
url http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/revsalud/article/view/2301
http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/7546
_version_ 1645141728160645120
spelling ir-10336-75462019-09-19T12:37:01Z Innovative practices in Psychiatry. Argentina, 1960-1970 Tendencias innovadoras en las prácticas psiquiátricas. Argentina, 1960-19701 Tendências inovadoras nas práticas psiquiátricas. Argentina, 1960-1970 Golcman, Aida Alejandra Psychiatry, Innovative practices, ideological persecution Psiquiatría, innovaciones terapéuticas, persecución ideológica Psiquiatria, inovações terapêuticas, persecução ideológica The paper analyzes innovative psychiatric practices that took place in Argentina during the sixties and seventies at the Hospital Jose Esteves in the province of Buenos Aires. Objective: To present the coexistence of different paradigms related to mental health in the same institution and to analyze the complexities generated by this scenario. Methodology: This study uses primary sources in the form of medical records of patients admitted to the hospital between 1960 and 1979. The medical records were cross-referenced with publications of newspapers and magazines of the time. Results: The analysis shows that the political environment during the era of militarydictatorship —characterized by ideological persecution and the inhibition of political expression— influenced the development of innovative psychiatric practices. At the same time, instances ofanti-Semitism and ideological persecution among health workers affected therapeutic approaches. Conclusions: While the introduction of innovative practices in mental health led to someresistance among the more orthodox psychiatrists, the presence of different paradigms shows a plan, both political and professional, to transform psychiatry and admission policy in Argentina. El trabajo analiza prácticas psiquiátricas innovadoras que se llevaron a cabo en Argentina durante las décadas del sesenta y setenta, a partir del estudio del Hospital José Esteves en la provincia de Buenos Aires. Objetivo: presentar la convivencia de paradigmas diferentes y en tensión referentes a la salud mental en una misma institución, con las complejidades que este escenario apareja. Metodología: para este estudio se utilizaron como fuente principal las historias clínicas de las pacientes admitidas en el Hospital entre 1960 y 1979, las que fueron cruzadas con publicaciones de diarios y revistas de la época. Resultados: del análisis se desprende que el contexto político dela época —de dictadura militar, de anulación de expresión política y persecución ideológica— influyó en el desarrollo de las experiencias psiquiátricas innovadoras. De este modo, se detectaron situaciones de antisemitismo y persecución ideológica a los trabajadores de la salud que participaron de estos proyectos, al tiempo que se confundieron conceptos y propuestas terapéuticas con ideas políticas “comunistas”. Conclusiones: a pesar de que la introducción de concepcionesy prácticas diferentes sobre la salud mental generó cierta resistencia entre los psiquiatras más ortodoxos, la presencia de paradigmas distintos muestra un plan, tanto político como profesional, para transformar la Psiquiatría y la internación en Argentina. O trabalho analisa práticas psiquiátricas inovadoras que se levaram a cabo na Argentina durante as décadas sessenta e setenta, a partir do estudo do Hospital José Esteves na província de Buenos Aires. Objetivo:apresentar a convivência de paradigmas diferentes e em tensão referentes à saúde mental em uma mesma instituição, com as complexidades que este cenário aparelha. Metodologia: para este estudo utilizou-se como fonte principal as histórias clínicas das pacientes admitidas no Hospital entre 1960 e 1979, as quais foram comparadas com publicações de jornais e revistas da época. Resultados: da análise se desprende que o contexto político da época (de ditadura militar, de anulação de expressão política e persecução ideológica) influiu no desenvolvimento das experiênciaspsiquiátricas inovadoras. Deste modo, detectaram-se situações de anti-semitismo e persecução ideológica aos trabalhadores da saúde que participaram destes projetos, ao tempo que seconfundiram conceitos e propostas terapêuticas com ideias políticas “comunistas”. Conclusões: a pesar que a introdução de concepções e práticas diferentes sobre a saúde mental gerou certa resistência entre os psiquiatras mais ortodoxos, a presencia de paradigmas distintos mostra um plano, tanto político quanto Professional, para transformar a psiquiatria e a internação na Argentina. 2012-12-29 2012-12-29 2014-07-09T15:56:07Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/revsalud/article/view/2301 http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/7546 spa http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Universidad del Rosario instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR Revista Ciencias de la Salud; Vol. 10, núm. 3 (2012); 387-401 Revista Ciencias de la Salud; Vol. 10, núm. 3 (2012); 387-401 Revista Ciencias de la Salud; Vol. 10, núm. 3 (2012); 387-401 2145-4507 1692-7273
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