Crime and punishment in Colombia

During the 1990s, Colombia was considered one of the most violent countries in the world. Banditry, communist guerrilla groups, right?wing paramilitaries, drug cartels together with a sophisticated and versatile organized crime drew a violent landscape of murder. Although national homicide rate has...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autor Principal: Ruiz Vásquez, Juan Carlos
Formato: Capítulo de libro (Book Chapter)
Publicado: John Wiley and Sons 2015
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/29869
https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118519639.wbecpx178
Descripción
Sumario:During the 1990s, Colombia was considered one of the most violent countries in the world. Banditry, communist guerrilla groups, right?wing paramilitaries, drug cartels together with a sophisticated and versatile organized crime drew a violent landscape of murder. Although national homicide rate has fallen from 1995, Colombia remains a violent country. Scholars have tried to identify the causes of this entrenched and inveterate violence, without finding a definite answer. Practitioners have proposed few citizen security programs, often withering away and erratic, showing that there is no real policy with a strong leadership remaining. In contrast, the Colombian police force has played a pivotal role in dismantling numbers of delinquency networks and contributing to crime reduction.