Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia

The struggles for land discussed in this paper have occurred in contexts characterized by some improvement of laws and policies designed to protect ethnic and cultural minorities in Brazil and Colombia, following the “multicultural turn” in international law. The paper discusses to a greater extent...

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Autores Principales: Baquero Melo, Jairo, Costa, Sergio, Backhouse, Maria
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: Freie Universität Berlin 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/28406
http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/refubium-23442
id ir-10336-28406
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-10336-284062020-08-28T15:48:32Z Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia Baquero Melo, Jairo Baquero Melo, Jairo Costa, Sergio Backhouse, Maria Minority rights Land conflicts Afrodescendants in Latin America The struggles for land discussed in this paper have occurred in contexts characterized by some improvement of laws and policies designed to protect ethnic and cultural minorities in Brazil and Colombia, following the “multicultural turn” in international law. The paper discusses to a greater extent the cases of communities of Afro-descendants who live in areas disputed by agribusiness companies interested in expanding palm plantations mostly for biodiesel production. We found out that the introduction of new rights has first unleashed a local process of ethnic re-identification. In a certain way, minority rights themselves have created those minorities they are supposed to protect. Nevertheless, new minority rights have also reframed the conditions under which struggles for land are conducted and negotiated in Colombia as well as in Brazil. Seen as relays in an electrical circuit, minority rights serve to modulate power at the local level: in some cases, new rights amplify minorities’ power; in other situations, they can help contain the problems of abuses of power. 2013-03-26 2020-08-28T15:48:08Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion ISSN: 2194-6477 https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/28406 http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/refubium-23442 eng info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Freie Universität Berlin Working Paper Series
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Minority rights
Land conflicts
Afrodescendants in Latin America
spellingShingle Minority rights
Land conflicts
Afrodescendants in Latin America
Baquero Melo, Jairo
Costa, Sergio
Backhouse, Maria
Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia
description The struggles for land discussed in this paper have occurred in contexts characterized by some improvement of laws and policies designed to protect ethnic and cultural minorities in Brazil and Colombia, following the “multicultural turn” in international law. The paper discusses to a greater extent the cases of communities of Afro-descendants who live in areas disputed by agribusiness companies interested in expanding palm plantations mostly for biodiesel production. We found out that the introduction of new rights has first unleashed a local process of ethnic re-identification. In a certain way, minority rights themselves have created those minorities they are supposed to protect. Nevertheless, new minority rights have also reframed the conditions under which struggles for land are conducted and negotiated in Colombia as well as in Brazil. Seen as relays in an electrical circuit, minority rights serve to modulate power at the local level: in some cases, new rights amplify minorities’ power; in other situations, they can help contain the problems of abuses of power.
format Artículo (Article)
author Baquero Melo, Jairo
Costa, Sergio
Backhouse, Maria
author_facet Baquero Melo, Jairo
Costa, Sergio
Backhouse, Maria
author_sort Baquero Melo, Jairo
title Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia
title_short Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia
title_full Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia
title_fullStr Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Between Rights and Power Asymmetries: Contemporary Struggles for Land in Brazil and Colombia
title_sort between rights and power asymmetries: contemporary struggles for land in brazil and colombia
publisher Freie Universität Berlin
publishDate 2013
url https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/28406
http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/refubium-23442
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score 11,39188