Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China

Chongming, the world’s largest alluvial island, is located within the municipality of Shanghai, China. Recent projects have now linked peri-urban Chongming to Shanghai’s urban core and as a result will soon undergo substantial changes from urbanization. We quantitatively analyzed the structure and c...

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Autores Principales: Zhao, Min, Escobedo, Francisco J., Wang, Ruijing, Zhou, Qiaolan, Lin, Wenpeng, Gao, Jun
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: Springer Nature 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/26023
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-013-0025-9
id ir-10336-26023
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-10336-260232020-08-06T16:21:47Z Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China Composición y estructura de la vegetación leñosa en la isla periurbana de Chongming, China Zhao, Min Escobedo, Francisco J. Wang, Ruijing Zhou, Qiaolan Lin, Wenpeng Gao, Jun Spatial analyses Peri-urban forests Urbanization Sustainability Air pollution removal Chongming, the world’s largest alluvial island, is located within the municipality of Shanghai, China. Recent projects have now linked peri-urban Chongming to Shanghai’s urban core and as a result will soon undergo substantial changes from urbanization. We quantitatively analyzed the structure and composition of woody vegetation across subtropical, peri-urban Chongming as a basis for sustainable management of these rapidly urbanizing subtropical ecosystems elsewhere. We used 178 permanent, random plots to statistically and spatially analyze woody plant composition and tree structure across the 1,041 km2 of Chongming. A total of 2,251 woody plants were measured comprising 42 species in 37 genera. We statistically and geospatially analyzed field data according to land uses and modeled air pollution removal by trees. Average tree diameter at breast height, total height, and crown widths on transportation land uses were greater than other land uses. These same values were lowest on forest land use and greater tree cover was associated with areas of increased anthropogenic activity. Less than 20 % of the woody vegetation was exotic and a species richness index was significantly different between land uses due to legacy effects. Composition of agriculture and forest land uses were similar to residential and transportation. Tree cover across Chongming was also estimated to annually remove 1,400 tons of air pollutants. We propose that this integrated and quantitative method can be used in other subtropical, peri-urban areas in developing countries to establish baseline trends for future sustainability objectives and to monitor the effects of urbanization and climate change. 2013-03-15 2020-08-06T16:20:28Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion ISSN: 0364-152X EISSN: 1432-1009 https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/26023 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-013-0025-9 eng info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Springer Nature Environmental Management
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Spatial analyses
Peri-urban forests
Urbanization
Sustainability
Air pollution removal
spellingShingle Spatial analyses
Peri-urban forests
Urbanization
Sustainability
Air pollution removal
Zhao, Min
Escobedo, Francisco J.
Wang, Ruijing
Zhou, Qiaolan
Lin, Wenpeng
Gao, Jun
Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China
description Chongming, the world’s largest alluvial island, is located within the municipality of Shanghai, China. Recent projects have now linked peri-urban Chongming to Shanghai’s urban core and as a result will soon undergo substantial changes from urbanization. We quantitatively analyzed the structure and composition of woody vegetation across subtropical, peri-urban Chongming as a basis for sustainable management of these rapidly urbanizing subtropical ecosystems elsewhere. We used 178 permanent, random plots to statistically and spatially analyze woody plant composition and tree structure across the 1,041 km2 of Chongming. A total of 2,251 woody plants were measured comprising 42 species in 37 genera. We statistically and geospatially analyzed field data according to land uses and modeled air pollution removal by trees. Average tree diameter at breast height, total height, and crown widths on transportation land uses were greater than other land uses. These same values were lowest on forest land use and greater tree cover was associated with areas of increased anthropogenic activity. Less than 20 % of the woody vegetation was exotic and a species richness index was significantly different between land uses due to legacy effects. Composition of agriculture and forest land uses were similar to residential and transportation. Tree cover across Chongming was also estimated to annually remove 1,400 tons of air pollutants. We propose that this integrated and quantitative method can be used in other subtropical, peri-urban areas in developing countries to establish baseline trends for future sustainability objectives and to monitor the effects of urbanization and climate change.
format Artículo (Article)
author Zhao, Min
Escobedo, Francisco J.
Wang, Ruijing
Zhou, Qiaolan
Lin, Wenpeng
Gao, Jun
author_facet Zhao, Min
Escobedo, Francisco J.
Wang, Ruijing
Zhou, Qiaolan
Lin, Wenpeng
Gao, Jun
author_sort Zhao, Min
title Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China
title_short Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China
title_full Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China
title_fullStr Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China
title_full_unstemmed Woody Vegetation Composition and Structure in Peri-urban Chongming Island, China
title_sort woody vegetation composition and structure in peri-urban chongming island, china
publisher Springer Nature
publishDate 2013
url https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/26023
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-013-0025-9
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