Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study

Background: Zinc is an essential trace element that plays a key role in the immune, gastrointestinal, respiratory and nervous systems. In Colombia, a vast percentage of children live in low-income households with food insecurity and nutritional deficiencies, including zinc. In an effort to improve c...

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Autores Principales: Pinzón-Rondón, Ángela María, Hoyos-Martínez, Alfonso, Parra-Correa, Daniela, Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María, Ruiz-Sternberg, Ángela María
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: BMC Nutrition 2019
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/25094
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-019-0305-8
id ir-10336-25094
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-10336-250942021-01-21T08:13:42Z Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study Pinzón-Rondón, Ángela María Hoyos-Martínez, Alfonso Parra-Correa, Daniela Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María Ruiz-Sternberg, Ángela María Public Health and Health Services Medical and Health Sciences Background: Zinc is an essential trace element that plays a key role in the immune, gastrointestinal, respiratory and nervous systems. In Colombia, a vast percentage of children live in low-income households with food insecurity and nutritional deficiencies, including zinc. In an effort to improve children's well-being, public health measures such as nutritional support programs that provide meals have targeted the poorest populations. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of nutritional support programs on zinc deficiency in Colombian children, while considering their wealth and food security.Methods: Cross-sectional study using data from the 2010 Colombian National Nutrition Survey, a population-based study representative of Colombia. A total of 4275 children between 12 and 59months of age were included in the study. Stepwise logistic regressions were modelled with SPSS, first for zinc deficiency on wealth and food security, then adding enrolment in a nutritional support program, and finally, adjusting for socio-demographic variables.Results: A zinc deficiency prevalence of 49% was found. The adjusted models showed an association of wealth quintiles: very poor (OR=1.48) and poor (OR=1.39), food security (OR=0.75) and enrolment in a nutritional support program (OR=0.76) with zinc deficiency. Enrolment in nutritional programs did not modify the relationship of wealth and food security to zinc deficiency.Conclusion: Zinc deficiency is associated with wealth, food security and enrolment in nutritional support programs. Nutritional programs may be a good alternative against zinc deficiency, if they focus appropriately on the needs of children according to their wealth and food security. 2019-12 2020-06-11T13:22:20Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/25094 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-019-0305-8 eng info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf BMC Nutrition instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Public Health and Health Services
Medical and Health Sciences
spellingShingle Public Health and Health Services
Medical and Health Sciences
Pinzón-Rondón, Ángela María
Hoyos-Martínez, Alfonso
Parra-Correa, Daniela
Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María
Ruiz-Sternberg, Ángela María
Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study
description Background: Zinc is an essential trace element that plays a key role in the immune, gastrointestinal, respiratory and nervous systems. In Colombia, a vast percentage of children live in low-income households with food insecurity and nutritional deficiencies, including zinc. In an effort to improve children's well-being, public health measures such as nutritional support programs that provide meals have targeted the poorest populations. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of nutritional support programs on zinc deficiency in Colombian children, while considering their wealth and food security.Methods: Cross-sectional study using data from the 2010 Colombian National Nutrition Survey, a population-based study representative of Colombia. A total of 4275 children between 12 and 59months of age were included in the study. Stepwise logistic regressions were modelled with SPSS, first for zinc deficiency on wealth and food security, then adding enrolment in a nutritional support program, and finally, adjusting for socio-demographic variables.Results: A zinc deficiency prevalence of 49% was found. The adjusted models showed an association of wealth quintiles: very poor (OR=1.48) and poor (OR=1.39), food security (OR=0.75) and enrolment in a nutritional support program (OR=0.76) with zinc deficiency. Enrolment in nutritional programs did not modify the relationship of wealth and food security to zinc deficiency.Conclusion: Zinc deficiency is associated with wealth, food security and enrolment in nutritional support programs. Nutritional programs may be a good alternative against zinc deficiency, if they focus appropriately on the needs of children according to their wealth and food security.
format Artículo (Article)
author Pinzón-Rondón, Ángela María
Hoyos-Martínez, Alfonso
Parra-Correa, Daniela
Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María
Ruiz-Sternberg, Ángela María
author_facet Pinzón-Rondón, Ángela María
Hoyos-Martínez, Alfonso
Parra-Correa, Daniela
Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María
Ruiz-Sternberg, Ángela María
author_sort Pinzón-Rondón, Ángela María
title Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study
title_short Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study
title_full Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study
title_fullStr Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study
title_full_unstemmed Association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in Colombian children: a cross-sectional study
title_sort association of nutritional support programs with zinc deficiency in colombian children: a cross-sectional study
publisher BMC Nutrition
publishDate 2019
url https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/25094
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-019-0305-8
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score 11,828437