Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota

"Introduction: Painters of automobiles are exposed to pure and mixed solvents that have been associated with neurological effects and carcinogenic mutations. Objective: To characterize the health and work conditions of individuals who are occupationally exposed to organic solvents used in sheet...

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Autores Principales: "Palma, Marien, Briceño, Leonardo, Idrovo, Álvaro J., Varona, Marcela"
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Instituto Nacional de Salud 2015
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/23539
https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v35i0.2268
id ir-10336-23539
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-10336-235392020-06-03T22:15:12Z Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota Evaluación de la exposición a solventes orgánicos en pintores de carros de la ciudad de Bogotá "Palma, Marien Briceño, Leonardo Idrovo, Álvaro J. Varona, Marcela" "Air pollutant Solvent Volatile organic compound Adult Adverse effects Aged Air pollutant Colombia Cross-sectional study Health Human Industry Male Middle aged Motor vehicle Occupational exposure Young adult Adult Aged Air pollutants, occupational Colombia Cross-sectional studies Humans Industry Male Middle aged Motor vehicles Occupational exposure Solvents Urban health Volatile organic compounds Young adult Benzene Occupational exposure Solvents Toluene" "Introduction: Painters of automobiles are exposed to pure and mixed solvents that have been associated with neurological effects and carcinogenic mutations. Objective: To characterize the health and work conditions of individuals who are occupationally exposed to organic solvents used in sheet metal and auto body shops in Bogota. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study that characterizes the health and work conditions of individuals exposed to organic solvents in sheet metal and auto body shops in Bogota. A group exposed to the solvents was compared to an unexposed group. Air concentrations of benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) were determined, individual questionnaires were administered and phenylmercapturic, hippuric and ortho- and para-methylhippuric acids were measured in urine. The results of the measurements and the questionnaires were correlated to determine the exposure panorama. Results: For the three BTX metabolites, statistically significant differences (p less than 0.001) were found between the population exposed to the solvents and the unexposed population. For the exposed population, positive correlations were found between toluene in air and hippuric acid in urine (rho=0.82) and between xylene in air and o-methylhippuric acid in urine (rho=0.76). Hippuric acid values exceeded permissible levels in 11 workers and p-methylhippuric acid exceeded permissible levels in 8 workers. None of the phenylmercapturic values exceeded the limit.Conclusion: Auto painters are exposed to high levels of organic solvents at the workplace and do not have adequate industrial health and safety conditions to perform their jobs." 2015 2020-05-26T00:02:54Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/23539 https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v35i0.2268 spa info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Instituto Nacional de Salud instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic "Air pollutant
Solvent
Volatile organic compound
Adult
Adverse effects
Aged
Air pollutant
Colombia
Cross-sectional study
Health
Human
Industry
Male
Middle aged
Motor vehicle
Occupational exposure
Young adult
Adult
Aged
Air pollutants, occupational
Colombia
Cross-sectional studies
Humans
Industry
Male
Middle aged
Motor vehicles
Occupational exposure
Solvents
Urban health
Volatile organic compounds
Young adult
Benzene
Occupational exposure
Solvents
Toluene"
spellingShingle "Air pollutant
Solvent
Volatile organic compound
Adult
Adverse effects
Aged
Air pollutant
Colombia
Cross-sectional study
Health
Human
Industry
Male
Middle aged
Motor vehicle
Occupational exposure
Young adult
Adult
Aged
Air pollutants, occupational
Colombia
Cross-sectional studies
Humans
Industry
Male
Middle aged
Motor vehicles
Occupational exposure
Solvents
Urban health
Volatile organic compounds
Young adult
Benzene
Occupational exposure
Solvents
Toluene"
"Palma, Marien
Briceño, Leonardo
Idrovo, Álvaro J.
Varona, Marcela"
Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota
description "Introduction: Painters of automobiles are exposed to pure and mixed solvents that have been associated with neurological effects and carcinogenic mutations. Objective: To characterize the health and work conditions of individuals who are occupationally exposed to organic solvents used in sheet metal and auto body shops in Bogota. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study that characterizes the health and work conditions of individuals exposed to organic solvents in sheet metal and auto body shops in Bogota. A group exposed to the solvents was compared to an unexposed group. Air concentrations of benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) were determined, individual questionnaires were administered and phenylmercapturic, hippuric and ortho- and para-methylhippuric acids were measured in urine. The results of the measurements and the questionnaires were correlated to determine the exposure panorama. Results: For the three BTX metabolites, statistically significant differences (p less than 0.001) were found between the population exposed to the solvents and the unexposed population. For the exposed population, positive correlations were found between toluene in air and hippuric acid in urine (rho=0.82) and between xylene in air and o-methylhippuric acid in urine (rho=0.76). Hippuric acid values exceeded permissible levels in 11 workers and p-methylhippuric acid exceeded permissible levels in 8 workers. None of the phenylmercapturic values exceeded the limit.Conclusion: Auto painters are exposed to high levels of organic solvents at the workplace and do not have adequate industrial health and safety conditions to perform their jobs."
format Artículo (Article)
author "Palma, Marien
Briceño, Leonardo
Idrovo, Álvaro J.
Varona, Marcela"
author_facet "Palma, Marien
Briceño, Leonardo
Idrovo, Álvaro J.
Varona, Marcela"
author_sort "Palma, Marien
title Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota
title_short Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota
title_full Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota
title_fullStr Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota
title_full_unstemmed Evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of Bogota
title_sort evaluation of exposure of auto painters to organic solvents in the city of bogota
publisher Instituto Nacional de Salud
publishDate 2015
url https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/23539
https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v35i0.2268
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score 11,37374