Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia

Purpose: Ongoing armed conflicts, like the one in Colombia, have forcibly displaced millions of people including many young children. This study aimed to assess the mental health of internally displaced preschoolers in Bogotá Colombia and to identify correlates of mental health in these children. Me...

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Autores Principales: Flink, Ilse J. E., Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria Helena, Blanco, Diana P., Ortegon, Mónica M., Enriquez, Carolina L., Beirens, Tinneke M. J., Raat, Hein
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/23307
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-012-0611-9
id ir-10336-23307
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-10336-233072022-05-02T12:37:17Z Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia Flink, Ilse J. E. Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria Helena Blanco, Diana P. Ortegon, Mónica M. Enriquez, Carolina L. Beirens, Tinneke M. J. Raat, Hein Analysis of variance Article Behavior disorder Caregiver Checklist Colombia Cross-sectional study Demography Female Human Infant Male Mental disease Mental health Migration Preschool child Psychological aspect Socioeconomics Statistical model Statistics Analysis of variance Caregivers Checklist Child behavior disorders Colombia Cross-sectional studies Emigration and immigration Female Humans Infant Logistic models Male Mental disorders Mental health Residence characteristics Socioeconomic factors Armed conflict Child health Inequalities Mental health Poverty Violence preschool Child Purpose: Ongoing armed conflicts, like the one in Colombia, have forcibly displaced millions of people including many young children. This study aimed to assess the mental health of internally displaced preschoolers in Bogotá Colombia and to identify correlates of mental health in these children. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted among 279 children attending four kindergartens in a deprived neighbourhood in Bogotá. Child mental health was assessed with the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) 1.5-5 years, a parent-report. Univariate analyses and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to assess the association between displacement and child mental health and to identify correlates of mental health in displaced children. Results: Displaced children (n = 90) more often met borderline cut-off scores for the CBCL scales than non-displaced children (n = 189) (e.g. total problems 46.7 vs. 22.8 %; p less than 0.001). The association between displacement and presence of CBCL total problems remained after adjustment for socio-demographic factors (Adjusted OR 3.3, 95 % CI 1.5; 6.9). Caretaker's mental health partly explained the association. In displaced children, caretaker's mental health (p less than 0.01) and family functioning (p less than 0.01) were independently associated with child mental health. Exposure to traumatic events and social support was also associated with child mental health; however, associations were not independent. Conclusion: In this deprived neighbourhood in Bogotá, preschool children registered as internally displaced presented worse mental health than non-displaced peers. Family functioning and caretaker's mental health were strongly and independently associated with displaced children's mental health. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 2013 2020-05-26T00:01:03Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion 14339285 09337954 https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/23307 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-012-0611-9 eng info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf instname:Universidad del Rosario
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Analysis of variance
Article
Behavior disorder
Caregiver
Checklist
Colombia
Cross-sectional study
Demography
Female
Human
Infant
Male
Mental disease
Mental health
Migration
Preschool child
Psychological aspect
Socioeconomics
Statistical model
Statistics
Analysis of variance
Caregivers
Checklist
Child behavior disorders
Colombia
Cross-sectional studies
Emigration and immigration
Female
Humans
Infant
Logistic models
Male
Mental disorders
Mental health
Residence characteristics
Socioeconomic factors
Armed conflict
Child health
Inequalities
Mental health
Poverty
Violence
preschool
Child
spellingShingle Analysis of variance
Article
Behavior disorder
Caregiver
Checklist
Colombia
Cross-sectional study
Demography
Female
Human
Infant
Male
Mental disease
Mental health
Migration
Preschool child
Psychological aspect
Socioeconomics
Statistical model
Statistics
Analysis of variance
Caregivers
Checklist
Child behavior disorders
Colombia
Cross-sectional studies
Emigration and immigration
Female
Humans
Infant
Logistic models
Male
Mental disorders
Mental health
Residence characteristics
Socioeconomic factors
Armed conflict
Child health
Inequalities
Mental health
Poverty
Violence
preschool
Child
Flink, Ilse J. E.
Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria Helena
Blanco, Diana P.
Ortegon, Mónica M.
Enriquez, Carolina L.
Beirens, Tinneke M. J.
Raat, Hein
Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia
description Purpose: Ongoing armed conflicts, like the one in Colombia, have forcibly displaced millions of people including many young children. This study aimed to assess the mental health of internally displaced preschoolers in Bogotá Colombia and to identify correlates of mental health in these children. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted among 279 children attending four kindergartens in a deprived neighbourhood in Bogotá. Child mental health was assessed with the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) 1.5-5 years, a parent-report. Univariate analyses and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to assess the association between displacement and child mental health and to identify correlates of mental health in displaced children. Results: Displaced children (n = 90) more often met borderline cut-off scores for the CBCL scales than non-displaced children (n = 189) (e.g. total problems 46.7 vs. 22.8 %; p less than 0.001). The association between displacement and presence of CBCL total problems remained after adjustment for socio-demographic factors (Adjusted OR 3.3, 95 % CI 1.5; 6.9). Caretaker's mental health partly explained the association. In displaced children, caretaker's mental health (p less than 0.01) and family functioning (p less than 0.01) were independently associated with child mental health. Exposure to traumatic events and social support was also associated with child mental health; however, associations were not independent. Conclusion: In this deprived neighbourhood in Bogotá, preschool children registered as internally displaced presented worse mental health than non-displaced peers. Family functioning and caretaker's mental health were strongly and independently associated with displaced children's mental health. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
format Artículo (Article)
author Flink, Ilse J. E.
Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria Helena
Blanco, Diana P.
Ortegon, Mónica M.
Enriquez, Carolina L.
Beirens, Tinneke M. J.
Raat, Hein
author_facet Flink, Ilse J. E.
Restrepo-Espinosa, Maria Helena
Blanco, Diana P.
Ortegon, Mónica M.
Enriquez, Carolina L.
Beirens, Tinneke M. J.
Raat, Hein
author_sort Flink, Ilse J. E.
title Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia
title_short Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia
title_full Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia
title_fullStr Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Mental health of internally displaced preschool children: A cross-sectional study conducted in Bogotá, Colombia
title_sort mental health of internally displaced preschool children: a cross-sectional study conducted in bogotá, colombia
publishDate 2013
url https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/23307
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-012-0611-9
_version_ 1740172687195504640
score 12,111491