Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, and exercise training is an important factor in the treatment and prevention of the clinical components of MetS. Objective: The aim was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval t...

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Autores Principales: Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson, Tordecilla-Sanders, Alejandra, Téllez, Luis Andrés, Camelo-Prieto, Diana, Hernández Quiñonez, Paula Andrea, Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique, Garcia-Hermoso, Antonio, Ramirez Campillo, Rodrigo, Izquierdo, Mikel
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: 2017
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Acceso en línea:https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/21337
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-017-1216-6
id ir-10336-21337
recordtype dspace
spelling ir-10336-213372020-05-13T19:49:58Z Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson Tordecilla-Sanders, Alejandra Téllez, Luis Andrés Camelo-Prieto, Diana Hernández Quiñonez, Paula Andrea Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique Garcia-Hermoso, Antonio Ramirez Campillo, Rodrigo Izquierdo, Mikel Ensayo controlado aleatorizado Entrenamiento físico Síndrome metabólico Intensidad Enfermedades Síndrome metabólico Enfermedades cardiovasculares Randomised controlled trial Exercise training Metabolic syndrome Intensity Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, and exercise training is an important factor in the treatment and prevention of the clinical components of MetS. Objective: The aim was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training and steady-state moderate-intensity training on clinical components of MetS in healthy physically inactive adults. Methods: Twenty adults were randomly allocated to receive either moderate-intensity continuous training [MCT group; 60-80% heart rate reserve (HRR)] or high-intensity interval training (HIT group; 4 × 4 min at 85-95% peak HRR interspersed with 4 min of active rest at 65% peak HRR). We used the revised International Diabetes Federation criteria for MetS. A MetS Z-score was calculated for each individual and each component of the MetS. Results: In intent-to-treat analyses, the changes in MetS Z-score were 1.546 (1.575) in the MCT group and -1.249 (1.629) in the HIT group (between-groups difference, P = 0.001). The average number of cardiometabolic risk factors changed in the MCT group (-0.133, P = 0.040) but not in the HIT group (0.018, P = 0.294), with no difference between groups (P = 0.277). Conclusion: Among apparently healthy physically inactive adults, HIT and MCT offer similar cardiometabolic protection against single MetS risk factors but differ in their effect on average risk factors per subject. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02738385 registered on March 23, 2016 © 2017 The Author(s). 2017 2020-03-31T23:13:15Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion 1479-5876 https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/21337 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-017-1216-6 eng info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Ensayo controlado aleatorizado
Entrenamiento físico
Síndrome metabólico
Intensidad
Enfermedades
Síndrome metabólico
Enfermedades cardiovasculares
Randomised controlled trial
Exercise training
Metabolic syndrome
Intensity
spellingShingle Ensayo controlado aleatorizado
Entrenamiento físico
Síndrome metabólico
Intensidad
Enfermedades
Síndrome metabólico
Enfermedades cardiovasculares
Randomised controlled trial
Exercise training
Metabolic syndrome
Intensity
Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson
Tordecilla-Sanders, Alejandra
Téllez, Luis Andrés
Camelo-Prieto, Diana
Hernández Quiñonez, Paula Andrea
Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique
Garcia-Hermoso, Antonio
Ramirez Campillo, Rodrigo
Izquierdo, Mikel
Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial
description Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, and exercise training is an important factor in the treatment and prevention of the clinical components of MetS. Objective: The aim was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training and steady-state moderate-intensity training on clinical components of MetS in healthy physically inactive adults. Methods: Twenty adults were randomly allocated to receive either moderate-intensity continuous training [MCT group; 60-80% heart rate reserve (HRR)] or high-intensity interval training (HIT group; 4 × 4 min at 85-95% peak HRR interspersed with 4 min of active rest at 65% peak HRR). We used the revised International Diabetes Federation criteria for MetS. A MetS Z-score was calculated for each individual and each component of the MetS. Results: In intent-to-treat analyses, the changes in MetS Z-score were 1.546 (1.575) in the MCT group and -1.249 (1.629) in the HIT group (between-groups difference, P = 0.001). The average number of cardiometabolic risk factors changed in the MCT group (-0.133, P = 0.040) but not in the HIT group (0.018, P = 0.294), with no difference between groups (P = 0.277). Conclusion: Among apparently healthy physically inactive adults, HIT and MCT offer similar cardiometabolic protection against single MetS risk factors but differ in their effect on average risk factors per subject. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02738385 registered on March 23, 2016 © 2017 The Author(s).
format Artículo (Article)
author Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson
Tordecilla-Sanders, Alejandra
Téllez, Luis Andrés
Camelo-Prieto, Diana
Hernández Quiñonez, Paula Andrea
Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique
Garcia-Hermoso, Antonio
Ramirez Campillo, Rodrigo
Izquierdo, Mikel
author_facet Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson
Tordecilla-Sanders, Alejandra
Téllez, Luis Andrés
Camelo-Prieto, Diana
Hernández Quiñonez, Paula Andrea
Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique
Garcia-Hermoso, Antonio
Ramirez Campillo, Rodrigo
Izquierdo, Mikel
author_sort Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson
title Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial
title_short Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial
title_full Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial
title_fullStr Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial
title_full_unstemmed Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : A randomized clinical trial
title_sort similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults : a randomized clinical trial
publishDate 2017
url https://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/21337
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-017-1216-6
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