Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática

La inactividad física y las conductas sedentarias aumentan drásticamente en muchos países, lo que afecta la salud general de la población mundial generando aumento en los factores de riesgo de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. La práctica regular de actividad física disminuye dichos factores d...

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Autor Principal: Chavez Guapo, Nathaly
Otros Autores: Meneses Echávez, José Francisco
Formato: Tesis de maestría (Master Thesis)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad del Rosario 2019
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/20103
id ir-10336-20103
recordtype dspace
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Actividad física
Jóvenes
Redes sociales
Salud
Promoción de salud
Actividad física
Ejercicio
Promoción de la salud
Redes sociales
Physical activity
Young people
Online social networks
Health
spellingShingle Actividad física
Jóvenes
Redes sociales
Salud
Promoción de salud
Actividad física
Ejercicio
Promoción de la salud
Redes sociales
Physical activity
Young people
Online social networks
Health
Chavez Guapo, Nathaly
Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
description La inactividad física y las conductas sedentarias aumentan drásticamente en muchos países, lo que afecta la salud general de la población mundial generando aumento en los factores de riesgo de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. La práctica regular de actividad física disminuye dichos factores de riesgo por conductas sedentarias e inactividad física, fortalece las habilidades y capacidades de las personas, promueve acciones que ayuden a cambiar condiciones sociales, ambientales y económicas. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes. Métodos de búsqueda: Bases de datos Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO y en las bases de los registros de ensayos clínicos en curso WHO, Clinical Trails, Controlled trials. Resultados: Se incluyeron 5 estudios (4 ECCA y 1 ECNA) con un total de 497 participantes. Los cinco estudios compararon intervenciones con la RSO y otro tipo de intervenciones para promover la práctica de actividad física en jóvenes. Cuatro estudios tuvieron efectos positivos, al encontrar un aumento en el nivel de actividad física. Los estudios mostraron un alto riesgo de sesgo de detección y realización. No se reportaron eventos adversos. Conclusiones: El nivel de actividad física puede mejorar con las intervenciones con RSO, la estimación del efecto es baja para la metodología GRADE. Se requieren estudios de mejor calidad metodológica
author2 Meneses Echávez, José Francisco
author_facet Meneses Echávez, José Francisco
Chavez Guapo, Nathaly
format Tesis de maestría (Master Thesis)
author Chavez Guapo, Nathaly
author_sort Chavez Guapo, Nathaly
title Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
title_short Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
title_full Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
title_fullStr Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
title_full_unstemmed Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
title_sort efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática
publisher Universidad del Rosario
publishDate 2019
url http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/20103
_version_ 1675439913751805952
spelling ir-10336-201032020-08-13T06:01:02Z Efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes : revisión sistemática Chavez Guapo, Nathaly Meneses Echávez, José Francisco Actividad física Jóvenes Redes sociales Salud Promoción de salud Actividad física Ejercicio Promoción de la salud Redes sociales Physical activity Young people Online social networks Health La inactividad física y las conductas sedentarias aumentan drásticamente en muchos países, lo que afecta la salud general de la población mundial generando aumento en los factores de riesgo de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. La práctica regular de actividad física disminuye dichos factores de riesgo por conductas sedentarias e inactividad física, fortalece las habilidades y capacidades de las personas, promueve acciones que ayuden a cambiar condiciones sociales, ambientales y económicas. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de las intervenciones con redes sociales on-line para promover actividad física en jóvenes. Métodos de búsqueda: Bases de datos Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO y en las bases de los registros de ensayos clínicos en curso WHO, Clinical Trails, Controlled trials. Resultados: Se incluyeron 5 estudios (4 ECCA y 1 ECNA) con un total de 497 participantes. Los cinco estudios compararon intervenciones con la RSO y otro tipo de intervenciones para promover la práctica de actividad física en jóvenes. Cuatro estudios tuvieron efectos positivos, al encontrar un aumento en el nivel de actividad física. Los estudios mostraron un alto riesgo de sesgo de detección y realización. No se reportaron eventos adversos. Conclusiones: El nivel de actividad física puede mejorar con las intervenciones con RSO, la estimación del efecto es baja para la metodología GRADE. Se requieren estudios de mejor calidad metodológica Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviours increase dramatically in many countries, affecting the overall health of the world's population and leading to increased risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. Regular physical activity reduces these risk factors due to sedentary behaviors and physical inactivity, strengthens people's abilities and capacities, and promotes actions that help change social, environmental and economic conditions. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of online social network interventions to promote physical activity in young people. Search Methods: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and the databases of ongoing clinical trial registries WHO, Clinical Trails, Controlled trials. Results: Five studies (4 ECCA and 1 ECNA) with a total of 497 participants were included. The five studies compared interventions with RSO and other interventions to promote physical activity in young people. Four studies had positive effects, finding an increase in the level of physical activity. The studies showed a high risk of detection and performance bias. No adverse events were reported. Conclusions Physical activity level can be improved with RSO interventions, effect estimation is low for GRADE methodology. Studies of better methodological quality are required. 2020-07-08 08:55:01: Script de automatizacion de embargos. Restricción de 12 meses por solicitud de la coordinación del Programa 2020-08-13 01:01:01: Script de automatizacion de embargos. info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2020-08-12 2019-08-12 2019-08-13T21:49:56Z info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/20103 spa Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/ info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Universidad del Rosario Maestría en Actividad Física y Salud Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR World Health Organization. Recomendaciones Mundiales sobre Actividad Física para la Salud [Internet]. WHO Library. Ginebra, Suiza; 2010. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44441/9789243599977_spa.pdf?sequence=1 Organización Mundial de la Salud. Informe sobre la situación mundial de las enfermedades no transmisibles 2010. [Internet]. Ginebra, Suiza; 2014. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/149296/WHO_NMH_NVI_15.1_spa.pdf?sequence=1 Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, et al. Global physical activity levels: Surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet [Internet]. 2012;380(9838):P247-257. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60646-1 Cohen DD, Correa-bautista JE, Ramírez-vélez R, González SA, Sarmiento OL, Cohen DD, et al. Results From Colombia ’ s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth Results From Colombia ’ s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth. J Phys Act Heal. 2016;13:S129–36. Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar. Resumen Ejecutivo Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia, ENSIN 2010. Ensin [Internet]. 2010;24. Available from: https://www.icbf.gov.co/icbf/directorio/portel/libreria/pdf/ResumenEjecutivoAbril6de2011.pdf Boyd DM, Ellison NB. Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship. J Comput Commun [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2017 Mar 20];13(1):210–30. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x Statista. Number of social network users worldwide from 2010- 2018 [Internet]. Vol. 2020, Statista. 2016. p. 1. Available from: http://www.statista.com/statistics/278414/number-of-worldwide-social-network-users/ Statista. Share of global internet users who use social media to network for work as of 4th quarter 2015 by age [Internet]. 2015. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/605482/global-internet-users-who-use-social-media-to-network-for-work-by-age/ Ministerio de Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones. Estudio de Uso y Apropiación de las TIC en Colombia - Cultura Digital. 2015;38. 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Resumen Ejecutivo Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia, ENSIN 2010. Ensin [Internet]. 2010;24. Available from: https://www.icbf.gov.co/icbf/directorio/portel/libreria/pdf/ResumenEjecutivoAbril6de2011.pdf Boyd DM, Ellison NB. Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship. J Comput Commun [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2017 Mar 20];13(1):210–30. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x Statista. Number of social network users worldwide from 2010- 2018 [Internet]. Vol. 2020, Statista. 2016. p. 1. Available from: http://www.statista.com/statistics/278414/number-of-worldwide-social-network-users/ Statista. Share of global internet users who use social media to network for work as of 4th quarter 2015 by age [Internet]. 2015. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/605482/global-internet-users-who-use-social-media-to-network-for-work-by-age/ Ministerio de Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones. Estudio de Uso y Apropiación de las TIC en Colombia - Cultura Digital. 2015;38. Available from: http://www.mintic.gov.co/portal/604/articles-15296_recurso_3.pdf Giustini D, Ali SM, Fraser M, Boulos MNK. Effective uses of social media in public health and medicine : a systematic review of systematic reviews. Online J Public Heal Inform. 2018;10(2):e215. Griffiths F, Dobermann T, Cave JAK, Thorogood M, Johnson S, Olive FXG. The Impact of Online Social Networks on Health and Health Systems : A Scoping Review and Case Studies. Policy Internet. 2015;7(4):473–96. Capurro D, Cole K, Echavarría MI, Joe J, Neogi T, Turner AM. The Use of Social Networking Sites for Public Health Practice and Research : A Systematic Review Corresponding Author : J Med Internet Res. 2014;16:1–14. Maher CA, Lewis LK, Ferrar K, Marshall S, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Vandelanotte C. Are health behavior change interventions that use online social networks effective? A systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2014;16(2):1–13. Ayala-Carrillo M del R, Peña K. Redes sociales en Internet : reflexiones sobre sus posibilidades para el aprendizaje. Rev Teoría y Didáctica las Ciencias Soc. 2010;16(16):173–205. Gold J, Pedrana AE, Stoove MA, Chang S, Howard S, Asselin J, et al. Developing health promotion interventions on social networking sites: recommendations from The FaceSpace Project. J Med Internet Res. 2012;14(1):1–10. Laranjo L, Mortimer N, Mendes GA, Lau AYS. The influence of social networking sites on health behavior change : a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Inf Assoc. 2015;22:243–56. Van Kessel G, Kavanagh M, Maher C. A qualitative study to examine feasibility and design of an online social networking intervention to increase physical activity in teenage girls. PLoS One. 2016;11(3). Valle CG, Tate DF, Mayer DK, Marylin A CJ. A Randomized Trial of a Facebook-based Physical Activity Intervention for Young Adult Cancer Survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2013;7(3):355–68. Castilla C, Extremadura M, Murcia G, Olaiz-Fernández G, Rivera-Dommarco J, Shamah-Levy T, et al. Ensanut 2012. Vol. 53, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. 2013. Foster C, Richards J, Thorogood M, Hillsdon M. Remote and web 2.0 interventions for promoting physical activity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(2). Davis FD. Perceived Usefulness , Perceived Ease Of Use , And User Acceptance. MIS Q. 1989;13(3):319–40. Davis FD, Bagozzi RP, Warshaw PR. User Acceptance of Computer Technology: a Comparison of Two Theoretical Models. Manage Sci. 1989;35(8):982–1003. Lin KY, Lu HP. Why people use social networking sites: An empirical study integrating network externalities and motivation theory. Comput Human Behav. 2011;27(3):1152–61. Hardcastle S, Hagger MS. “You Can’t Do It on Your Own” Experiences of a motivational interviewing intervention on physical activity and dietary behaviour. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2011;12(3):314–23. Minton O, Jo F, Jane M. The role of behavioural modification and exercise in the management of cancer-related fatigue to reduce its impact during and after cancer treatment. Acta Oncol (Madr). 2015;54(5):581–6. Pugh G, Gravestock HL, Hough RE, King WM, Wardle J, Fisher A. Health Behavior Change Interventions for Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review. J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. 2016;5(2):91–105. Nollen NL, Hutcheson T, Carlson S, Rapoff M, Goggin K, Mayfield C, et al. Development and functionality of a handheld computer program to improve fruit and vegetable intake among low-income youth. Health Educ Res. 2013;28(2):249–64. Gasca E, Favela J, Tentori M. Assisting Support Groups of Patients with Chronic Diseases through Persuasive Computing. J Univers Comput Sci. 2009;15(16):3081–100. Vidarte JA, Vélez C, Sandoval C, Alfonso ML. Actividad Física: Estrategia De Promoción De La Salud. Hacia la Promoción la Salud [Internet]. 2011;16(1):202–18. Available from: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0121-75772011000100015&lng=en. Grøntved A, Ried-larsen M, Møller NC, Kristensen PL, Wedderkopp N, Froberg K, et al. Youth screen-time behaviour is associated with cardiovascular risk in young adulthood : The European Youth Heart Study. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2014;21(1):49–56. Laranjo L, Arguel A, Neves AL, Gallagher AM, Kaplan R, Mortimer N, et al. The influence of social networking sites on health behavior change: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015;22(1):243–56. Ridout B, Campbell A. The Use of Social Networking Sites in Mental Health Interventions for Young People : Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(12). Zuckerman O, Gal-Oz A. Deconstructing gamification: evaluating the effectiveness of continuous measurement, virtual rewards, and social comparison for promoting physical activity. Pers Ubiquitous Comput. 2014;18(7):1705–19. Khalil A, Abdallah S. Harnessing social dynamics through persuasive technology to promote healthier lifestyle. Comput Human Behav. 2013;29(6):2674–81. Casey M, Hayes PS, Glynn F, Ólaighin G, Heaney D, Murphy AW, et al. Patients’ experiences of using a smartphone application to increase physical activity: The SMART MOVE qualitative study in primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2014;64(625):500–8. Urrútia G, Bonfill X. [PRISMA declaration: a proposal to improve the publication of systematic reviews and meta-analyses]. Med Clin (Barc). 2010 Oct;135(11):507–11. Higgins JPT, Green S. Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones [Internet]. Cochrane. 2011. 1-639 p. Available from: http://www.cochrane.es/?q=es/node/269 Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC). Study study designs should be included in an EPOC review and what should they be called [Internet]. Cochrane Library. 2015. Available from: https://epoc.cochrane.org/resources/epoc-resources-review-authors United Nations. Provisional Guidelines on Standard International Age Classifications [Internet]. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. New York; 1982. Available from: https://unstats.un.org/unsd/publication/SeriesM/SeriesM_74e.pdf Ahmad OB, Boschi-pinto C, Lopez AD, Murray JC, Lozano R, Inoue M. Age standardization of rates: a new WHO standard [Internet]. GPE Discussion Paper Series. 2001. Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/paper31.pdf Mansilla A ME. ETAPAS DEL DESARROLLO HUMANO. Rev Investig En Psicol. 2000;3(2):105–16. Liu PG, Gundecha P, Liu H. Mining Social Media : A Brief Introduction. INFORMS Tutorials Oper Res. 2014;(March 2017):1–17. Maulik PK, Eaton WW, Bradshaw ME. The role of social network and support in mental health service use: Findings from the baltimore ECA study. Psychiatr Serv. 2009;60(9):1222–9. Bisconti TL, Bergeman CS. Perceived Social Control as a Mediator of the Relationships Among Social Support , Psychological Weil-Being , and Perceived Health. Gerontologist. 1999;39(1):94–103. Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC). Data collection form. EPOC Resources for review authors. [Internet]. Knowledge Centre for the Health Services. Oslo: Norwegian: Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC).; 2013. Available from: http://epoc.cochrane.org/epoc-specific-resources-review-authors Higgins JPT, Thompson SG, Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. BMJ Br Med J. 2003;327(7414):557–60. Schünemann H, Brożek J, Guyatt G, Oxman A editors. G. GRADE handbook for grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations [Internet]. The GRADE Working Group, editor. 2013. Available from: https://gdt.gradepro.org/app/handbook/handbook.html Neumann I, Pantoja T, Peñaloza B, Cifuentes L, Rada G. El sistema GRADE: un cambio en la forma de evaluar la calidad de la evidencia y la fuerza de recomendaciones. Rev médica Chile. 2014;142(5):630–5. Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Kunz R, Vist GE, Falck-Ytter Y, Schünemann HJ. GRADE: What is “Quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? Chinese J Evidence-Based Med. 2009;9(2):133–7. Cavallo DN. Using online social network technology to increase social support for physical activity: The internet support for healthy associations promoting exercise (INSHAPE) study. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; 2012. Rote AE, Klos LA, Brondino MJ, Harley AE, Swartz AM. The Efficacy of a Walking Intervention Using Social Media to Increase Physical Activity : A Randomized Trial. J Phys Act Heal. 2015;12(Suppl 1):18–25. Wang JCK, Leng HK, Kee YH. Use of Facebook in physical activity intervention programme A test of self- determination theory. Int J Sport Psychol. 2015;46(3):210–24. Wójcicki Thomas R. A social cognitive approach to influencing adolescent physical activity behavior via social media [Internet]. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; 2013. Available from: https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/45399/Thomas_Wojcicki.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Zhang J, Brackbill D, Yang S, Centola D. Efficacy and causal mechanism of an online social media intervention to increase physical activity : Results of a randomized controlled trial. Prev Med Reports. 2015;2:651–7. Torres-Luque G, Santos- A, Garatachea N. Actividad física y acelerometría ; orientaciones metodológicas , recomendaciones y patrones. Nutr Hosp. 2015;31(1):115–28. Simpson K. Validity and Reliability of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire among Healthy Adults [Internet]. University of Connecticut; 2011. Available from: https://opencommons.uconn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1093&context=gs_theses Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física.Versión corta - Auto-administrado - Últimos 7 días para uso con jovenes y adultos. [Internet]. 2002. Available from: www.ipaq.ki.se Prevention C for DC and. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Questionnaire [Internet]. 2001. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/questionnaires/pdf-ques/2001brfss.pdf Mosdøl A, Lidal IB, Straumann GH, Vist GE. Targeted mass media interventions promoting healthy behaviours to reduce risk of non-communicable diseases in adult, ethnic minorities. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;2017(2). Müller AM, Alley S, Schoeppe S, Vandelanotte C. The effectiveness of e-& mHealth interventions to promote physical activity and healthy diets in developing countries: A systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2016;13(1):109. Davies CA, Spence JC, Vandelanotte C, Caperchione CM, Mummery W. Meta-analysis of internet-delivered interventions to increase physical activity levels. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9(1):52. Merchant GC. With a little help from my friends: How social networks help college students trying to lose weight [Internet]. University of California, San Diego; 2015. Available from: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/56r5k1qd Napolitano MA, Hayes S, Bennett GG, Ives AK, Foster GD. Using Facebook and Text Messaging to Deliver a Weight Loss Program to College Students. Obes A Res Jorunal. 2013;21(1):25–31. Shani D, Nimbalkar A, Phatak A, Nimbalkar S. Training in Dietary Practices and Physical Activity to Improve Health among South Asian Medical Students. Adv Prev Med. 2014;2014. Tópico S. CONSORT 2010. Listado de comprobación de la información incluida en un estudio con metodología experimental [Internet]. 2010. Available from: https://www.uv.es/friasnav/CONSORTSpanish.pdf Hoffmann TC, Glasziou PP, Barbour V, Macdonald H. Better reporting of interventions : template for intervention description and replication ( TIDieR ) checklist and guide. BMJ. 2014;348:1–12. Lazcano-Ponce E, Salazar-Martinez E, Gutierrez-Castrellón P, Angeles-Llerenas A, Hernandez-Garduño A, Viramontes JL. Ensayos clinicos aleatorizados: Variantes, metodos de aleatorizacion, analisis, consideraciones eticas y regulacion. Salud Publica Mex. 2004;46(6):559–84. Care CEP and O of. EPOC-specific resources for review authors [Internet]. Available from: http://epoc.cochrane.org/epoc-specific-resources-review-authors Bono R. Diseños cuasi-experimentales y longitudinales. In: Universidad de Barcelona Facultad de Psicología [Internet]. Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona; 2012. p. 1–85. Available from: http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/handle/2445/30783 Cochrane Collaboration. Non-randomised controlled study (NRS) designs [Internet]. Cochrane Childhood Cancer. 2016. p. 1–2. Available from: http://childhoodcancer.cochrane.org/non-randomised-controlled-study-nrs-designs Haidich AB. Meta-analysis in medical research. Hippokratia. 2010;14(Suppl 1):29–37. World Health Organization. Recomendaciones Mundiales sobre Actividad Física para la Salud [Internet]. WHO Library. Ginebra, Suiza; 2010. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44441/9789243599977_spa.pdf?sequence=1 Organización Mundial de la Salud. Informe sobre la situación mundial de las enfermedades no transmisibles 2010. [Internet]. Ginebra, Suiza; 2014. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/149296/WHO_NMH_NVI_15.1_spa.pdf?sequence=1 Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, et al. Global physical activity levels: Surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet [Internet]. 2012;380(9838):P247-257. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60646-1 Cohen DD, Correa-bautista JE, Ramírez-vélez R, González SA, Sarmiento OL, Cohen DD, et al. Results From Colombia ’ s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth Results From Colombia ’ s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth. J Phys Act Heal. 2016;13:S129–36. Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar. Resumen Ejecutivo Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia, ENSIN 2010. Ensin [Internet]. 2010;24. Available from: https://www.icbf.gov.co/icbf/directorio/portel/libreria/pdf/ResumenEjecutivoAbril6de2011.pdf Boyd DM, Ellison NB. Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship. J Comput Commun [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2017 Mar 20];13(1):210–30. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x Statista. Number of social network users worldwide from 2010- 2018 [Internet]. Vol. 2020, Statista. 2016. p. 1. Available from: http://www.statista.com/statistics/278414/number-of-worldwide-social-network-users/ Statista. Share of global internet users who use social media to network for work as of 4th quarter 2015 by age [Internet]. 2015. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/605482/global-internet-users-who-use-social-media-to-network-for-work-by-age/ Ministerio de Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones. Estudio de Uso y Apropiación de las TIC en Colombia - Cultura Digital. 2015;38. Available from: http://www.mintic.gov.co/portal/604/articles-15296_recurso_3.pdf Giustini D, Ali SM, Fraser M, Boulos MNK. Effective uses of social media in public health and medicine : a systematic review of systematic reviews. Online J Public Heal Inform. 2018;10(2):e215. Griffiths F, Dobermann T, Cave JAK, Thorogood M, Johnson S, Olive FXG. The Impact of Online Social Networks on Health and Health Systems : A Scoping Review and Case Studies. Policy Internet. 2015;7(4):473–96. Capurro D, Cole K, Echavarría MI, Joe J, Neogi T, Turner AM. The Use of Social Networking Sites for Public Health Practice and Research : A Systematic Review Corresponding Author : J Med Internet Res. 2014;16:1–14. Maher CA, Lewis LK, Ferrar K, Marshall S, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Vandelanotte C. Are health behavior change interventions that use online social networks effective? A systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2014;16(2):1–13. Ayala-Carrillo M del R, Peña K. Redes sociales en Internet : reflexiones sobre sus posibilidades para el aprendizaje. Rev Teoría y Didáctica las Ciencias Soc. 2010;16(16):173–205. Gold J, Pedrana AE, Stoove MA, Chang S, Howard S, Asselin J, et al. Developing health promotion interventions on social networking sites: recommendations from The FaceSpace Project. J Med Internet Res. 2012;14(1):1–10. Laranjo L, Mortimer N, Mendes GA, Lau AYS. The influence of social networking sites on health behavior change : a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Inf Assoc. 2015;22:243–56. Van Kessel G, Kavanagh M, Maher C. A qualitative study to examine feasibility and design of an online social networking intervention to increase physical activity in teenage girls. PLoS One. 2016;11(3). Valle CG, Tate DF, Mayer DK, Marylin A CJ. A Randomized Trial of a Facebook-based Physical Activity Intervention for Young Adult Cancer Survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2013;7(3):355–68. Castilla C, Extremadura M, Murcia G, Olaiz-Fernández G, Rivera-Dommarco J, Shamah-Levy T, et al. Ensanut 2012. Vol. 53, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. 2013. Foster C, Richards J, Thorogood M, Hillsdon M. Remote and web 2.0 interventions for promoting physical activity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(2). Davis FD. Perceived Usefulness , Perceived Ease Of Use , And User Acceptance. MIS Q. 1989;13(3):319–40. Davis FD, Bagozzi RP, Warshaw PR. User Acceptance of Computer Technology: a Comparison of Two Theoretical Models. Manage Sci. 1989;35(8):982–1003. Lin KY, Lu HP. Why people use social networking sites: An empirical study integrating network externalities and motivation theory. Comput Human Behav. 2011;27(3):1152–61. Hardcastle S, Hagger MS. “You Can’t Do It on Your Own” Experiences of a motivational interviewing intervention on physical activity and dietary behaviour. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2011;12(3):314–23. Minton O, Jo F, Jane M. The role of behavioural modification and exercise in the management of cancer-related fatigue to reduce its impact during and after cancer treatment. Acta Oncol (Madr). 2015;54(5):581–6. Pugh G, Gravestock HL, Hough RE, King WM, Wardle J, Fisher A. Health Behavior Change Interventions for Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review. J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. 2016;5(2):91–105. Nollen NL, Hutcheson T, Carlson S, Rapoff M, Goggin K, Mayfield C, et al. Development and functionality of a handheld computer program to improve fruit and vegetable intake among low-income youth. Health Educ Res. 2013;28(2):249–64. Gasca E, Favela J, Tentori M. Assisting Support Groups of Patients with Chronic Diseases through Persuasive Computing. J Univers Comput Sci. 2009;15(16):3081–100. Vidarte JA, Vélez C, Sandoval C, Alfonso ML. Actividad Física: Estrategia De Promoción De La Salud. Hacia la Promoción la Salud [Internet]. 2011;16(1):202–18. Available from: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0121-75772011000100015&lng=en. Grøntved A, Ried-larsen M, Møller NC, Kristensen PL, Wedderkopp N, Froberg K, et al. Youth screen-time behaviour is associated with cardiovascular risk in young adulthood : The European Youth Heart Study. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2014;21(1):49–56. Laranjo L, Arguel A, Neves AL, Gallagher AM, Kaplan R, Mortimer N, et al. The influence of social networking sites on health behavior change: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015;22(1):243–56. Ridout B, Campbell A. The Use of Social Networking Sites in Mental Health Interventions for Young People : Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(12). Zuckerman O, Gal-Oz A. Deconstructing gamification: evaluating the effectiveness of continuous measurement, virtual rewards, and social comparison for promoting physical activity. Pers Ubiquitous Comput. 2014;18(7):1705–19. Khalil A, Abdallah S. Harnessing social dynamics through persuasive technology to promote healthier lifestyle. Comput Human Behav. 2013;29(6):2674–81. Casey M, Hayes PS, Glynn F, Ólaighin G, Heaney D, Murphy AW, et al. Patients’ experiences of using a smartphone application to increase physical activity: The SMART MOVE qualitative study in primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2014;64(625):500–8. Urrútia G, Bonfill X. [PRISMA declaration: a proposal to improve the publication of systematic reviews and meta-analyses]. Med Clin (Barc). 2010 Oct;135(11):507–11. Higgins JPT, Green S. Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones [Internet]. Cochrane. 2011. 1-639 p. Available from: http://www.cochrane.es/?q=es/node/269 Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC). Study study designs should be included in an EPOC review and what should they be called [Internet]. Cochrane Library. 2015. Available from: https://epoc.cochrane.org/resources/epoc-resources-review-authors United Nations. Provisional Guidelines on Standard International Age Classifications [Internet]. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. New York; 1982. Available from: https://unstats.un.org/unsd/publication/SeriesM/SeriesM_74e.pdf Ahmad OB, Boschi-pinto C, Lopez AD, Murray JC, Lozano R, Inoue M. Age standardization of rates: a new WHO standard [Internet]. GPE Discussion Paper Series. 2001. Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/paper31.pdf Mansilla A ME. ETAPAS DEL DESARROLLO HUMANO. Rev Investig En Psicol. 2000;3(2):105–16. Liu PG, Gundecha P, Liu H. Mining Social Media : A Brief Introduction. INFORMS Tutorials Oper Res. 2014;(March 2017):1–17. Maulik PK, Eaton WW, Bradshaw ME. The role of social network and support in mental health service use: Findings from the baltimore ECA study. Psychiatr Serv. 2009;60(9):1222–9. Bisconti TL, Bergeman CS. Perceived Social Control as a Mediator of the Relationships Among Social Support , Psychological Weil-Being , and Perceived Health. Gerontologist. 1999;39(1):94–103. Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC). Data collection form. EPOC Resources for review authors. [Internet]. Knowledge Centre for the Health Services. Oslo: Norwegian: Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC).; 2013. Available from: http://epoc.cochrane.org/epoc-specific-resources-review-authors Higgins JPT, Thompson SG, Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. BMJ Br Med J. 2003;327(7414):557–60. Schünemann H, Brożek J, Guyatt G, Oxman A editors. G. GRADE handbook for grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations [Internet]. The GRADE Working Group, editor. 2013. Available from: https://gdt.gradepro.org/app/handbook/handbook.html Neumann I, Pantoja T, Peñaloza B, Cifuentes L, Rada G. El sistema GRADE: un cambio en la forma de evaluar la calidad de la evidencia y la fuerza de recomendaciones. Rev médica Chile. 2014;142(5):630–5. Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Kunz R, Vist GE, Falck-Ytter Y, Schünemann HJ. GRADE: What is “Quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? Chinese J Evidence-Based Med. 2009;9(2):133–7. Cavallo DN. Using online social network technology to increase social support for physical activity: The internet support for healthy associations promoting exercise (INSHAPE) study. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; 2012. Rote AE, Klos LA, Brondino MJ, Harley AE, Swartz AM. The Efficacy of a Walking Intervention Using Social Media to Increase Physical Activity : A Randomized Trial. J Phys Act Heal. 2015;12(Suppl 1):18–25. Wang JCK, Leng HK, Kee YH. Use of Facebook in physical activity intervention programme A test of self- determination theory. Int J Sport Psychol. 2015;46(3):210–24. Wójcicki Thomas R. A social cognitive approach to influencing adolescent physical activity behavior via social media [Internet]. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; 2013. Available from: https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/45399/Thomas_Wojcicki.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Zhang J, Brackbill D, Yang S, Centola D. Efficacy and causal mechanism of an online social media intervention to increase physical activity : Results of a randomized controlled trial. Prev Med Reports. 2015;2:651–7. Torres-Luque G, Santos- A, Garatachea N. Actividad física y acelerometría ; orientaciones metodológicas , recomendaciones y patrones. Nutr Hosp. 2015;31(1):115–28. Simpson K. Validity and Reliability of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire among Healthy Adults [Internet]. University of Connecticut; 2011. Available from: https://opencommons.uconn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1093&context=gs_theses Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física.Versión corta - Auto-administrado - Últimos 7 días para uso con jovenes y adultos. [Internet]. 2002. Available from: www.ipaq.ki.se Prevention C for DC and. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Questionnaire [Internet]. 2001. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/questionnaires/pdf-ques/2001brfss.pdf Mosdøl A, Lidal IB, Straumann GH, Vist GE. Targeted mass media interventions promoting healthy behaviours to reduce risk of non-communicable diseases in adult, ethnic minorities. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;2017(2). Müller AM, Alley S, Schoeppe S, Vandelanotte C. The effectiveness of e-& mHealth interventions to promote physical activity and healthy diets in developing countries: A systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2016;13(1):109. Davies CA, Spence JC, Vandelanotte C, Caperchione CM, Mummery W. Meta-analysis of internet-delivered interventions to increase physical activity levels. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9(1):52. Merchant GC. With a little help from my friends: How social networks help college students trying to lose weight [Internet]. University of California, San Diego; 2015. Available from: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/56r5k1qd Napolitano MA, Hayes S, Bennett GG, Ives AK, Foster GD. Using Facebook and Text Messaging to Deliver a Weight Loss Program to College Students. Obes A Res Jorunal. 2013;21(1):25–31. Shani D, Nimbalkar A, Phatak A, Nimbalkar S. Training in Dietary Practices and Physical Activity to Improve Health among South Asian Medical Students. Adv Prev Med. 2014;2014. Tópico S. CONSORT 2010. Listado de comprobación de la información incluida en un estudio con metodología experimental [Internet]. 2010. Available from: https://www.uv.es/friasnav/CONSORTSpanish.pdf Hoffmann TC, Glasziou PP, Barbour V, Macdonald H. Better reporting of interventions : template for intervention description and replication ( TIDieR ) checklist and guide. BMJ. 2014;348:1–12. Lazcano-Ponce E, Salazar-Martinez E, Gutierrez-Castrellón P, Angeles-Llerenas A, Hernandez-Garduño A, Viramontes JL. Ensayos clinicos aleatorizados: Variantes, metodos de aleatorizacion, analisis, consideraciones eticas y regulacion. Salud Publica Mex. 2004;46(6):559–84. Care CEP and O of. EPOC-specific resources for review authors [Internet]. Available from: http://epoc.cochrane.org/epoc-specific-resources-review-authors Bono R. Diseños cuasi-experimentales y longitudinales. In: Universidad de Barcelona Facultad de Psicología [Internet]. Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona; 2012. p. 1–85. Available from: http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/handle/2445/30783 Cochrane Collaboration. Non-randomised controlled study (NRS) designs [Internet]. Cochrane Childhood Cancer. 2016. p. 1–2. Available from: http://childhoodcancer.cochrane.org/non-randomised-controlled-study-nrs-designs Haidich AB. Meta-analysis in medical research. Hippokratia. 2010;14(Suppl 1):29–37. World Health Organization. Recomendaciones Mundiales sobre Actividad Física para la Salud [Internet]. WHO Library. Ginebra, Suiza; 2010. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44441/9789243599977_spa.pdf?sequence=1 Organización Mundial de la Salud. Informe sobre la situación mundial de las enfermedades no transmisibles 2010. [Internet]. Ginebra, Suiza; 2014. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/149296/WHO_NMH_NVI_15.1_spa.pdf?sequence=1 Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, et al. Global physical activity levels: Surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet [Internet]. 2012;380(9838):P247-257. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60646-1 Cohen DD, Correa-bautista JE, Ramírez-vélez R, González SA, Sarmiento OL, Cohen DD, et al. Results From Colombia ’ s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth Results From Colombia ’ s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth. J Phys Act Heal. 2016;13:S129–36. Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar. 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