Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas

Antecedentes: El ejercicio físico ha demostrado obtener beneficios importantes para la mejora de la salud y el bienestar en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2). En especial, el ejercicio de resistencia muscular tiene un impacto positivo en la disminución de variables clínicas como el Índic...

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Autor Principal: Amaya Rueda, Bernardo
Otros Autores: Meneses Echávez, José Francisco
Formato: Tesis de maestría (Master Thesis)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad del Rosario 2018
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/17974
id ir-10336-17974
recordtype dspace
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Revisión sistemática
Entrenamiento
Resistencia muscular
Diabetes
Ejercicio
Fuerza
Actividad física
Enfermedades
Systematic review
Training
Resistance training
Diabetes
Exercise
Strength
Physical activity
Fuerza Muscular
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
spellingShingle Revisión sistemática
Entrenamiento
Resistencia muscular
Diabetes
Ejercicio
Fuerza
Actividad física
Enfermedades
Systematic review
Training
Resistance training
Diabetes
Exercise
Strength
Physical activity
Fuerza Muscular
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
Amaya Rueda, Bernardo
Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
description Antecedentes: El ejercicio físico ha demostrado obtener beneficios importantes para la mejora de la salud y el bienestar en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2). En especial, el ejercicio de resistencia muscular tiene un impacto positivo en la disminución de variables clínicas como el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC), el control de la glucosa post prandial (IG-post) y la hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1C). Objetivo: Determinar los efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con DMT2. Métodos de búsqueda: Se consultaron las bases de datos Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, LILACS, COCHRANE library, EBSCOhost, Google Schoolar para el periodo comprendido entre 1992 y 2017, con el fin de identificar revisiones sistemáticas (RS) y/o meta-análisis (MA) que evaluaran el efecto que tiene el entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con DMT2. Una actualización de las búsquedas en Pubmed/Medline se desarrolló en marzo de 2017. Criterios de selección: 1) Revisión sistemática y/o meta-análisis, 2) pacientes con DMT2, 3) intervenciones de entrenamiento de resistencia muscular y 4) participantes con 18 años edad o más. Evaluación de los estudios y métodos de síntesis: Se evaluó la calidad metodológica de las RS incluidas utilizando el instrumento AMSTAR (1). Se realizó una síntesis descriptiva de los resultados. Resultados: Siete RS cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. El 86% (seis de siete) de las RS evaluaron el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en la HbA1C, de las cuales el 67% (cuatro de seis) reportaron reducciones significativas. El 43% (tres de siete) de las RS incluidas evaluaron el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en el IMC y sólo una de ellas mostró reducciones. Ninguna RS evaluó el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en el IG post prandial. Sólo una de las siete RS reportó que estudios tuvieron co-intervención de dieta y especificaron el porcentaje de proteína. Sólo una de las siete RS reportó intervenciones de actividad física. No hubo RS incluidas que reportaran resultados del VO2max medido con entrenamiento de resistencia muscular. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento de resistencia muscular genera efectos positivos en la HbA1C y hay evidencia que también puede generar reducciones en el IMC en pacientes con DMT2. No fue posible evaluar los efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en el IG post prandial debido a la ausencia de información en las RS.
author2 Meneses Echávez, José Francisco
author_facet Meneses Echávez, José Francisco
Amaya Rueda, Bernardo
format Tesis de maestría (Master Thesis)
author Amaya Rueda, Bernardo
author_sort Amaya Rueda, Bernardo
title Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
title_short Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
title_full Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
title_fullStr Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
title_full_unstemmed Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
title_sort efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas
publisher Universidad del Rosario
publishDate 2018
url http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/17974
_version_ 1645140949793243136
spelling ir-10336-179742019-09-19T12:37:54Z Efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 : revisión de revisiones sistemáticas Amaya Rueda, Bernardo Meneses Echávez, José Francisco Revisión sistemática Entrenamiento Resistencia muscular Diabetes Ejercicio Fuerza Actividad física Enfermedades Systematic review Training Resistance training Diabetes Exercise Strength Physical activity Fuerza Muscular Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 Antecedentes: El ejercicio físico ha demostrado obtener beneficios importantes para la mejora de la salud y el bienestar en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2). En especial, el ejercicio de resistencia muscular tiene un impacto positivo en la disminución de variables clínicas como el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC), el control de la glucosa post prandial (IG-post) y la hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1C). Objetivo: Determinar los efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con DMT2. Métodos de búsqueda: Se consultaron las bases de datos Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, LILACS, COCHRANE library, EBSCOhost, Google Schoolar para el periodo comprendido entre 1992 y 2017, con el fin de identificar revisiones sistemáticas (RS) y/o meta-análisis (MA) que evaluaran el efecto que tiene el entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en pacientes con DMT2. Una actualización de las búsquedas en Pubmed/Medline se desarrolló en marzo de 2017. Criterios de selección: 1) Revisión sistemática y/o meta-análisis, 2) pacientes con DMT2, 3) intervenciones de entrenamiento de resistencia muscular y 4) participantes con 18 años edad o más. Evaluación de los estudios y métodos de síntesis: Se evaluó la calidad metodológica de las RS incluidas utilizando el instrumento AMSTAR (1). Se realizó una síntesis descriptiva de los resultados. Resultados: Siete RS cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. El 86% (seis de siete) de las RS evaluaron el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en la HbA1C, de las cuales el 67% (cuatro de seis) reportaron reducciones significativas. El 43% (tres de siete) de las RS incluidas evaluaron el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en el IMC y sólo una de ellas mostró reducciones. Ninguna RS evaluó el efecto del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en el IG post prandial. Sólo una de las siete RS reportó que estudios tuvieron co-intervención de dieta y especificaron el porcentaje de proteína. Sólo una de las siete RS reportó intervenciones de actividad física. No hubo RS incluidas que reportaran resultados del VO2max medido con entrenamiento de resistencia muscular. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento de resistencia muscular genera efectos positivos en la HbA1C y hay evidencia que también puede generar reducciones en el IMC en pacientes con DMT2. No fue posible evaluar los efectos del entrenamiento de resistencia muscular en el IG post prandial debido a la ausencia de información en las RS. Background: Physical exercise has been shown to improve the health and wellbeing of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2). Resistance training, specifically, has been shown to have a positive impact on the reduction of clinical variables such as the Body Mass Index (BMI), and to successfully control postprandial glucose (post-GI) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C). Objective: to determine the effects of resistance training in patients with DMT2. Search methods: the following databases were consulted: Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, LILACS, COCHRANE library, BSCOhost, Google Schoolar for the 1992 - 2017 period, in order to identify systematic reviews (SR) and/or meta-analyses (MA) that evaluated the effect of resistance training on patients with DMT2. An updated search in Pubmed/Medline was carried out in March 2017. Selection criteria: 1) Systematic review and/or meta-analysis, 2) patients with DMT2, 3) resistance training interventions, and 4) participants 18 years old or over. Study evaluations and methods of synthesis: the methodological quality of the included SR was evaluated using the AMSTAR instrument (1). A descriptive synthesis of the results was made. Results: Seven SR fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Eighty-six per cent (six out of seven) of the SR evaluated the effect of resistance training on HbA1C, of which 67% (four out of six) reported significant reductions. Forty-three per cent (three out of seven) of the SR included evaluated the effect of resistance training on BMI and only one showed reductions. None of the SR evaluated the effect of resistance training on postprandial GI. Only one of the seven SR reported studies with diet as a co-intervention and specified the percentage of protein. Only one of the SRs reported physical activity interventions. Finally, none of the SR reported results regarding the VO2max measured with resistance training. Conclusions: Resistance training has positive effects on HbA1C and there is evidence that it can reduce BMI in patients with DMT2. It was not possible to evaluate the effects of resistance training on postprandial GI given the lack of information in the SRs. 2018-04-13 2018-05-07T16:30:45Z info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2020-07-05 info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/17974 spa Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/ info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess application/pdf Universidad del Rosario Maestría en Actividad Física y Salud Facultad de medicina instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR Shea BJ, Grimshaw JM, Wells GA, Boers M, Andersson N, Hamel C, et al. 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