Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia

This paper studies the effect of credit constraints and constraints on transfers between parents and children, on differences in labor and schooling across children within the same household, with an application to gender. When families are unconstrained in these respects, differences in labor suppl...

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Autores Principales: Gallego, Juan M., Sepulveda, Carlos E.
Formato: Documento de trabajo (Working Paper)
Lenguaje:Inglés (English)
Publicado: Universidad del Rosario 2011
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/11009
id ir-10336-11009
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spelling ir-10336-110092019-09-19T12:37:01Z Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia Gallego, Juan M. Sepulveda, Carlos E. Problemas & servicios de bienestar social Economía Crédito Pobreza::Aspectos Económicos Distribución de la riqueza Diferencias sexuales::Aspectos Económicos Child labor schooling credit constraints This paper studies the effect of credit constraints and constraints on transfers between parents and children, on differences in labor and schooling across children within the same household, with an application to gender. When families are unconstrained in these respects, differences in labor supply or education are driven by differences in wages or returns to education. If the family faces an imperfect capital market, the labor supply of each child is inefficient, but differences across children are still driven by comparative advantage. However, if interfamily transfers are constrained so that parents cannot offset inequality between their children, they will favor the human capital accumulation of the more disadvantaged child -generally the one who works more as a child. We use our theory to examine the gender gap in child labor. Using a sample of poor families in Colombia, we conform our predictions among rural households, although this is less clear for urban households. The gender gap is largely explained by the wage gap between girls and boys. Moreover, families with the potential to make capital transfers to adult children (e.g. those with large animals), can compensate adult sons for their greater child labor and reduced educational attainment. In such families, as predicted, the male/female labor gap is greater. 2011 2015-10-14T12:06:15Z info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/11009 Universidad del Rosario eng info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Universidad del Rosario Facultad de Economía instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR instname:Universidad del Rosario
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Inglés (English)
topic Problemas & servicios de bienestar social
Economía
Crédito
Pobreza::Aspectos Económicos
Distribución de la riqueza
Diferencias sexuales::Aspectos Económicos
Child labor
schooling
credit constraints
spellingShingle Problemas & servicios de bienestar social
Economía
Crédito
Pobreza::Aspectos Económicos
Distribución de la riqueza
Diferencias sexuales::Aspectos Económicos
Child labor
schooling
credit constraints
Gallego, Juan M.
Sepulveda, Carlos E.
Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia
description This paper studies the effect of credit constraints and constraints on transfers between parents and children, on differences in labor and schooling across children within the same household, with an application to gender. When families are unconstrained in these respects, differences in labor supply or education are driven by differences in wages or returns to education. If the family faces an imperfect capital market, the labor supply of each child is inefficient, but differences across children are still driven by comparative advantage. However, if interfamily transfers are constrained so that parents cannot offset inequality between their children, they will favor the human capital accumulation of the more disadvantaged child -generally the one who works more as a child. We use our theory to examine the gender gap in child labor. Using a sample of poor families in Colombia, we conform our predictions among rural households, although this is less clear for urban households. The gender gap is largely explained by the wage gap between girls and boys. Moreover, families with the potential to make capital transfers to adult children (e.g. those with large animals), can compensate adult sons for their greater child labor and reduced educational attainment. In such families, as predicted, the male/female labor gap is greater.
format Documento de trabajo (Working Paper)
author Gallego, Juan M.
Sepulveda, Carlos E.
author_facet Gallego, Juan M.
Sepulveda, Carlos E.
author_sort Gallego, Juan M.
title Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia
title_short Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia
title_full Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia
title_fullStr Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia
title_full_unstemmed Gender differences in time allocation of poor children in Colombia
title_sort gender differences in time allocation of poor children in colombia
publisher Universidad del Rosario
publishDate 2011
url http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/11009
_version_ 1645142234570424320
score 10,677969