The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina

Transfers to women may affect their bargaining power within the household and consequently their well-being. We analyze the effects of the 2004/2005 pension reform in Argentina, that resulted in an unexpected and substantial increase in permanent income for around 1.8 million women, on outcomes argu...

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Autores Principales: Berniell, Inés, Mata, Dolores de la, Machado, Matilde-P
Formato: Documento de trabajo (Working Paper)
Lenguaje:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Universidad del Rosario 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10934
id ir-10336-10934
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spelling ir-10336-109342019-09-19T12:37:01Z The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina Berniell, Inés Mata, Dolores de la Machado, Matilde-P Grupos sociales Mujeres - Aspectos sociales Mujeres::Aspectos Económicos Pensiones Divorcio Argentina::Condiciones Sociales intra-household bargaining power marital disruption divorce, non-contributory pensions pensions public transfers intra-household decision allocation household chores collective models senior women Transfers to women may affect their bargaining power within the household and consequently their well-being. We analyze the effects of the 2004/2005 pension reform in Argentina, that resulted in an unexpected and substantial increase in permanent income for around 1.8 million women, on outcomes arguably related to women’s bargaining power within the household. We estimate the effects of the reform in the probability of divorce/separation, the distribution of household chores, and the probability of women being the head of the household, using a Difference-in-Differences approach. Our results show that despite the low divorce probability among seniors, transfers to senior women have substantial effects on their situation in the household. More specifically, we find that the reform had statistically significant effects on the probability of divorce/separation increasing it by 1.8 − 2.7 percentage points implying an increase of around 18 − 19% on the divorce/separation rate of 60 − 65 year old women. Moreover, the probability of being the head of the household also increased by 2.8−3.3 percentage points representing an increase of 7−19% in the probability amongst women of 60 − 65 years of age. In the case of married women, the probability of being the head of the household increased by 1.3 − 1.5 percentage points, which represents an increase of 20 − 22%. Results show that the distribution of household chores within the couples was also affected by the reform. More precisely, the probability that the wife is the only person in charge of the housework decreased by 5 percentage points, an 11% decrease. The participation of husbands in housework, however, did not change significantly. 2013 2015-09-30T16:08:47Z info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10934 spa info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess application/pdf Universidad del Rosario Facultad de Economía instname:Universidad del Rosario reponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR instname:Universidad del Rosario
institution EdocUR - Universidad del Rosario
collection DSpace
language Español (Spanish)
topic Grupos sociales
Mujeres - Aspectos sociales
Mujeres::Aspectos Económicos
Pensiones
Divorcio
Argentina::Condiciones Sociales
intra-household bargaining power
marital disruption
divorce, non-contributory pensions
pensions
public transfers
intra-household decision allocation
household chores
collective models
senior women
spellingShingle Grupos sociales
Mujeres - Aspectos sociales
Mujeres::Aspectos Económicos
Pensiones
Divorcio
Argentina::Condiciones Sociales
intra-household bargaining power
marital disruption
divorce, non-contributory pensions
pensions
public transfers
intra-household decision allocation
household chores
collective models
senior women
Berniell, Inés
Mata, Dolores de la
Machado, Matilde-P
The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina
description Transfers to women may affect their bargaining power within the household and consequently their well-being. We analyze the effects of the 2004/2005 pension reform in Argentina, that resulted in an unexpected and substantial increase in permanent income for around 1.8 million women, on outcomes arguably related to women’s bargaining power within the household. We estimate the effects of the reform in the probability of divorce/separation, the distribution of household chores, and the probability of women being the head of the household, using a Difference-in-Differences approach. Our results show that despite the low divorce probability among seniors, transfers to senior women have substantial effects on their situation in the household. More specifically, we find that the reform had statistically significant effects on the probability of divorce/separation increasing it by 1.8 − 2.7 percentage points implying an increase of around 18 − 19% on the divorce/separation rate of 60 − 65 year old women. Moreover, the probability of being the head of the household also increased by 2.8−3.3 percentage points representing an increase of 7−19% in the probability amongst women of 60 − 65 years of age. In the case of married women, the probability of being the head of the household increased by 1.3 − 1.5 percentage points, which represents an increase of 20 − 22%. Results show that the distribution of household chores within the couples was also affected by the reform. More precisely, the probability that the wife is the only person in charge of the housework decreased by 5 percentage points, an 11% decrease. The participation of husbands in housework, however, did not change significantly.
format Documento de trabajo (Working Paper)
author Berniell, Inés
Mata, Dolores de la
Machado, Matilde-P
author_facet Berniell, Inés
Mata, Dolores de la
Machado, Matilde-P
author_sort Berniell, Inés
title The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina
title_short The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina
title_full The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina
title_fullStr The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina
title_full_unstemmed The impact of a permanent Income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in Argentina
title_sort impact of a permanent income shock on the situation of women in the household: the case of a pension reform in argentina
publisher Universidad del Rosario
publishDate 2013
url http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10934
_version_ 1645141666161491968
score 11,366511